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НазваLord George Gordon Byron (1788-1824) (реферат)
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РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
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Lord George Gordon Byron (1788-1824) was as famous in his lifetime for

his personality cult as for his poetry. He created the concept of the

'Byronic hero' - a defiant, melancholy young man, brooding on some

mysterious, unforgivable event in his past. Byron's influence on

European poetry, music, novel, opera, and painting has been immense,

although the poet was widely condemned on moral grounds by his

contemporaries.

 

George Gordon, Lord Byron, was the son of Captain John Byron, and

Catherine Gordon. He was born with a club-foot and became extreme

sensitivity about his lameness. Byron spent his early childhood years in

poor surroundings in Aberdeen, where he was educated until he was ten.

After he inherited the title and property of his great-uncle in 1798, he

went on to Dulwich, Harrow, and Cambridge, where he piled up debts and

aroused alarm with bisexual love affairs. Staying at Newstead in 1802,

he probably first met his half-sister, Augusta Leigh with whom he was

later suspected of having an incestuous relationship.

 

In 1807 Byron's first collection of poetry, Hours Of Idleness appeared.

It received bad reviews. The poet answered his critics with the satire

English Bards And Scotch Reviewersin 1808. Next year he took his seat in

the House of Lords, and set out on his grand tour, visiting Spain,

Malta, Albania, Greece, and the Aegean. Real poetic success came in 1812

when Byron published the first two cantos of Childe Harold's Pilgrimage

(1812-1818). He became an adored character of London society; he spoke

in the House of Lords effectively on liberal themes, and had a hectic

love-affair with Lady Caroline Lamb. Byron's The Corsair (1814), sold

10,000 copies on the first day of publication.

 

He married Anne Isabella Milbanke in 1815, and their daughter Ada was

born in the same year. The marriage was unhappy, and they obtained legal

separation next year.

 

When the rumors started to rise of his incest and debts were

accumulating, Byron left England in 1816, never to return. He settled in

Geneva with Percy Bysshe Shelley, Mary Shelley, and Claire Clairmont,

who became his mistress. There he wrote the two cantos of Childe Harold

and "The Prisoner Of Chillon". At the end of the summer Byron continued

his travels, spending two years in Italy. During his years in Italy,

Byron wrote Lament Of Tasso, inspired by his visit in Tasso's cell in

Rome, Mazeppa and started Don Juan, his satiric masterpiece. While in

Ravenna and Pisa, Byron became deeply interested in drama, and wrote

among others The Two Foscari, Sardanapalaus, Cain, and the unfinished

Heaven And Earth.

 

After a long creative period, Byron had come to feel that action was

more important than poetry. He armed a brig, the Hercules, and sailed to

Greece to aid the Greeks, who had risen against their Ottoman overlords.

However, before he saw any serious military action, Byron contracted a

fever from which he died in Missolonghi on 19 April 1824. Memorial

services were held all over the land. Byron's body was returned to

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