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НазваOscar Wilde (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Oscar Wilde


Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde was born and grew up in Dublin. He

was the son of a surgeon, Sir William Wilde and the writer Jane

Francesca Elgee.


From his school days and certainly at Oxford University, the beginnings

of his fanatical aestheticism could be found in his extravagant dress

sense and consummate style. Until his first expression of homosexual

feelings in 1886, Oscar Wilde's works were shallow or derivative.


However, his sexual revelation seemed to be a turning point: his

productivity increased, and the quality improved. The guilt he felt

about his homosexuality and his treatment of his wife, Constance (who he

had married in 1884), and their two children, could be seen to have

completed his ability to write on the themes of evil, crime and

suffering. He wrote The Importance of Being Earnest (his last play) in



By 1890, Wilde seemed to have come to the conclusion that the 'evil' in

himself could not be controlled, and so explored the theme not within

the safe confines of a fairytale, but in a dark, sinister novel with a

tragic ending: The Picture of Dorian Gray (1891).


Oscar Wilde was one of the most famous writers of the nineteenth

century. He was an author, playwright and great wit. He preached the

importance of style in both life and art, and he attached Victorian

narrow-mindedness and complacency. Most writers, whatever their

professions, wrote with something of the emphasis and authority of the

schoolmaster addressing his pupils. In spite of this common feature,

Victorian writers are very different in their styles. They were

individualists, and each had his own personality, which was strongly

presented in his style.


Oscar Wilde was one of the Victorian aesthetes( and tried to write the

work that should be beautiful in its colour and cadence. His writing is

highly wrought. Despite the fact that O.Wilde has probably been written

about more than most nineteenth-century writers, his place and

reputation continue to be uncertain.


Wilde’s extraordinary personality and wit have so dominated the

imaginations of most biographers and critics that their estimates of his

work have too often consisted of sympathetic tributes to a writer whose

literary production was little more than a faint reflection of his

brilliant talk or the manifestation of what a reviewer for the “Times

Literary Supplement” called his “lawlessness”. Indeed, Wilde’s remark

that he had put his genius into his life and only his talent into his

art has provided support to those who regard his life as the primary

object of interest.


Oscar Wilde was born in Dublin, Ireland, in 1854 year. His full name

was Oscar Fingal O’Flahertie Wills Wilde. Oscar named in honour of his

godfather, King Oscar I of Sweden – would eventually drop his three

middle names. He said that a name that was destined to be in everybody’s

mouth must not be too long. He was going to be famous.


At 20, Wilde left Ireland to study at Oxford University where he had a

brilliant career, where he took a first-class both in classical

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