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НазваOscar Wilde (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Oscar  Wilde

Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde was born and grew up in Dublin. He
was the son of a surgeon, Sir William Wilde and the writer Jane
Francesca Elgee. 

From his school days and certainly at Oxford University, the beginnings
of his fanatical aestheticism could be found in his extravagant dress
sense and consummate style. Until his first expression of homosexual
feelings in 1886, Oscar Wilde's works were shallow or derivative. 

However, his sexual revelation seemed to be a turning point: his
productivity increased, and the quality improved. The guilt he felt
about his homosexuality and his treatment of his wife, Constance (who he
had married in 1884), and their two children, could be seen to have
completed his ability to write on the themes of evil, crime and
suffering. He wrote The Importance of Being Earnest (his last play) in

By 1890, Wilde seemed to have come to the conclusion that the 'evil' in
himself could not be controlled, and so explored the theme not within
the safe confines of a fairytale, but in a dark, sinister novel with a
tragic ending: The Picture of Dorian Gray (1891). 

Oscar Wilde was one of the most famous writers of the nineteenth
century.  He was an author, playwright and great wit. He preached the
importance of style in both life and art, and he attached Victorian
narrow-mindedness and complacency. Most writers, whatever their
professions, wrote with something of the emphasis and authority of the
schoolmaster addressing his pupils. In spite of this common feature,
Victorian writers are very different in their styles. They were
individualists, and each had his own personality, which was strongly
presented in his style. 

Oscar Wilde was one of the Victorian aesthetes( and tried to write the
work that should be beautiful in its colour and cadence. His writing is
highly wrought. Despite the fact that O.Wilde has probably been written
about more than most nineteenth-century writers, his place and
reputation continue to be uncertain. 

Wilde’s extraordinary personality and wit have so dominated the
imaginations of most biographers and critics that their estimates of his
work have too often consisted of sympathetic tributes to a writer whose
literary production was little more than a faint reflection of his
brilliant talk or the manifestation of what a reviewer for the “Times
Literary Supplement” called his “lawlessness”. Indeed, Wilde’s remark
that he had put his genius into his life and only his talent into his
art has provided support to those who regard his life as the primary
object of interest.

Oscar Wilde was born in Dublin, Ireland, in 1854 year.  His full name
was Oscar Fingal O’Flahertie Wills Wilde. Oscar named in honour of his
godfather, King Oscar I of Sweden – would eventually drop his three
middle names. He said that a name that was destined to be in everybody’s
mouth must not be too long. He was going to be famous.

At 20, Wilde left Ireland to study at Oxford University where he had a
brilliant career, where he took a first-class both in classical
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