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НазваAtticus Finch (реферат)
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Atticus Finch.

 

Harper Lee is a well-known modern American writer, a lawyer by

profession. She was born in the State of Alabama. In 1960 she received

the Pulitzer Prize for her novel «To Kill a Mockingbird», wich was

translated into twelve languages soon after it appeared. The novel deals

with the family of a barrister, Atticus Finch. His wife had died and he,

together with his cook, an old Negro woman, Calpurnia, drings up his son

Jem and daughter Jean Louise, whose nickname is Scout. The novel

contains autobiographic features, but it is a sociological and

psychological novel.

 

The story of the Finches is told by the eight-year-old girl Jean. The

action is laid in the town of Maycomb in the South. The time is the

thirties. Jean is a very observant girl: "Maycomb was an old town, but

it was a tired old when. I first knew it. In rainy weather the streets

turned to red slop; grass grew on the sidewalks, the courthouse sagged

in the square. Somehow, it was notter then: a black dog suffered on a

summer’s day; bony mules hitched to Hoover carts flicked flies in the

sweltering shade of the live oaks on the square. Men's stiff collars

wilted by nine in the morning. Ladies bathed before noon, after their

three-o'clock naps and by nightfall were like soft teacakes with

frostings of sweat and sweet talcum."

 

Atticus Finch "went to Montgomery to read law, and his younger brother

went to Boston to study medicine. Their sister Alexandra was the Finch

who remained at the Landing...". When Finch was admitted to the bar, he

returned to Maycomb and began practice there. "During his first five

years in Maycomb, Atticus practiced economy more than anything; for

several years thereafter he invested his earnings in his brother's

education. John Hall Finch was ten years younger than my father, and

chose to study medicine at a time when cotton was not worth growing; but

after getting Uncle Jack started, Atticus derived a reasonable income

from the law. He likedMaycomb, he was Maycomb County born and bred; he

knew his people, they knew him”. Finch is nearle fifty, he wears

glasses. “He was nearly blind in his eye, and said left eyes were the

tribal curse of the Finches." In Scout's opinion her father didn't do

anything. "He worked in an office, not in a drugstore. Atticus did not

drive a dump-truck for the county, he was not the sheriff, he did not

farm, work in a garage, or do anything that could possibly arouse the

admiration of anyone... He did not do the things our schoolmates’

fathers did: he never went hunting, he did not play poker or fish or

drink or smoke, sat in the living-room and read."

 

When Atticus Finch gave his children air-rifles, he told them it vas a

sin to kill a mockingbird. Their neighbour, Miss Maudie, explained:

"Your father's right," she said."Mockingbirds don't do one thing but

make music for us to enjoy. They don't eat up people's gardens, don't

nest in corn cribs, they don't do one thing but sing their hearts out

for us. That’s why it's a sin to kill a mockingbird."

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