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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваJames Fenimore Cooper (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Cooper, James Fenimore (1789-1851), was an American novelist and social

critic. He is best known for The Leather - Stocking Tales, five novels

obout Natty Bumppo, a frontiersman. The character has other names in the

series, including leatherstocking. In the Leather-Stocking Tales,

Cooper became the first author to seriously portray American frontier

scenes and characters.


In The Leather - Stocking Tales, Cooper described Natty Bumppo’s

retreat from the advancing settlement of the forect. The novels

introduce Natty Bomppo as a young man and follaw him to old age and

death. The Leather-Stocking Tales, in the order of the hero’s life, are

The Deerslayer (1841), The last of the Mohicans (1826), the Pathfinder

(1840), the Pioneers (1823), and the Prairie (1827). These action –

filled stories contrast two ways of life. Natty Bomppo and his brave,

noble Indian friends live a life of freedom close to nature. The

settlers bring civilization and social order but they also selfishly or

thoughtlessly misuse the wilderness.


Coper’s conservative ideas about society are reflected in many of his

writings. His works show his concern for the freedom of individuals and

the rights of property owners. Cooper declared that he believed in

democracy. However, he said he feared that majority rule would bring

disorder and injustice. Although he was deeply patriotic, Cooper thought

that the United States should be governed by a small aristocracy of

cultured and public-spirited landowners.


Cooper wrote several nonfiction works criticizing American life. The

best known include the essays A Letter to his Countrymen (1834) and the

American Democrat (1838). He also wrote fiction about his ideals on

civic leadership, including Homeward Bound (1838) and Home as Fond

(1838).Cooper defends property rights in three novels called the

Little-page Manuscripts. They are Satanstoe (1845), The Chainbearer

(1845), and The Redskins (1846).


Cooper wrote the first American novel about the sea, The Pilot (1823).

This romance has a memorable character, Long Tom Coffin, who, like Natty

Bumppo, is a daring figure who lives close to nature. Cooper also wrote

ofher historical tales of exciting sea chases.


Cooper was born in Burlington, N. I. He was raised in the scenic

lakeside community of Cooperstown, N.Y., which was named for his father,

William Cooper. The Pioneers ahd the Deerslayer are set in this lake

region. Cooper served in the U.S. Navy from 1808 to 1811. He settled in

upstate New York, intending to become a gentleman farmer.


Cooper wrote his first novel, Precaution, in 1820, but it received

little critical praise. His next novel was The Spy (1821), a story about

families durind the Rewolutionary War. Its immediate success encouraged

Cooper to devote himself to writing.


Additional resources


Grossman, James. James Fenimore Cooper. Stanford, 1967. First published

in 1949.


Iames Fenimore Cooper: A Collection of Critical Essays. Ed. by Wayne

Fields. Prentice-Hall, 1979.

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