найбільша колекція україномовних рефератів

Всього в базі: 75760
останнє поновлення: 2016-10-20
за 7 днів додано 5

Реферати на українській
Реферати на російській
Українські підручники

$ Робота на замовлення
Реклама на сайті
Зворотній зв'язок


реферати, курсові, дипломні:

Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваFrank Morris (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
Замовити оригінальну роботу


Frank Norris, novelist and critic, was one of the progressive writers of
his time whose works dealt with social problems and won the attention of
the reading public. His critical articles on literature and style did
much to turn young writers towards realism.

Born in Chicago in the family of a rich jeweller, Norris was able to get
a good education. When Frank was still a boy, his father moved to
California where he became a successful businessman.

At the age of seventeen Norris went to Paris and studied literature and
the arts for about two years. In 1890 he entered the University of
California, and later went to study at Harvard University. There he
began to write his first novel, "McTeague", which was considered to be
one of the few naturalistic novels in America. The novel was written
under the influence of Zola in the style of the French naturalistic
writers. It was a portrayal of slum life in San Francisco. Unable to
find a publisher at the time, Norris applied for newspaper work. At the
outbreak of the Boer War he was sent to South Africa as a
war-correspondent for the San Francisco Chronicle. On his return to San
Francisco he became assistant editor for the paper The Wave, but all his
spare time he devoted to his career as a novelist. At heart a literary
critic as much as a writer, Norris kept a keen eye on everything fresh
and original in the creative work of other young writers. When Crane's
first novel "Maggie" appeared, he wrote a review in favour of the book
and its gifted author. He was also the first critic to note young
Dreiser's talent. Having read the manuscript of Dreiser's novel "Sister
Carrie", he recommended it for publication.

His work as a journalist at The Wave took him to various corners of
California. He witnessed an actual fight between the farmers and agents
of the South-Pacific Railroad Company in the struggle of the farmers to
defend their rights to the land they had cultivated. The fight made a
deep impression on the young writer. He knew that his thoughts on the
farmers' movement would not be printed by the newspapers, so he saved
this material for a book which he later wrote, "The Epic on the Wheat".

The Spanish-American War found Norris in Cuba as a correspondent for an
American magazine. He wrote many articles against the war, which were
not accepted by the editor because he characterized the war as a bloody
stain on the L'SA and stressed the fact that the American soldiers were
not at all enthusiastic about fighting for the imperialists. In Cuba he
fell ill with yellow fever and had to return home. He went to live in
New York where he began writing his novel "The Epic on the Wheat". But
an operation for appendicitis stopped his creative work. He died in New
York in 1902.


In his first novel, "McTeague" (1899), Norris wanted to show the
corrupting influence of gold upon human nature, and how it breeds greed
and avarice in human beings. The story is set in a poor district in San
-----> Page: 
0 [1] [2] [3]

© UKRREFERAT.COM 2000-2016

Друзі: Картинки, Приколы, Истории в ibigdan!