THE HISTORY OF MEDICINE IN UKRAINE.
The history of medicine in Ukraine begins with the history of folk
The first medical hospitals in Kyiv Rus were founded in the 11 th
century and were mostly in the form of alms = houses attached to
In the 14th and 15th centuries new hospitals were built and many
physicians gave the first aid to the inhabitants of Ukraine and the
soldiers of Bogdan Khmelnytsky's troops.
As the number of physicians was inadequate some medical schools which
trailed specialists were opened. Kyiv Academy was founded in 1632. It
played a prominent role in the development of the Ukrainian medicine.
Many graduates of the Academy continued to enrich their knowledge abroad
and received their doctors' degrees there. Many former students of this
Academy have become the well-known scientists. They are the
epidemiologist D. S. Samoilovych, the obstetrician N, M.
Ambodyk-Maximovych, the podiatrist S. F. Chotovytsky, the anatomist 0.
M. Shumlyansky and many .others.
At the end of the I8th and during the 19th centuries the medical
departments were formed at the Universities of Kharkiv, Kyiv, Lviv and
Odesa. The total number of physicians has increased m Ukraine. The
medicine of Zemstvo was widely used at that time.
During the Crimean War (1854-1856), upon Pirogov's initiative the first
detachment of nurses was trained and sent to Sevastopol to help its
defenders. It gave the beginning of the organization "Red Cross".
In 1686 the first bacteriological station was organized in Odesa which
was of great importance in the development of microbiology and
epidemiology. The famous scientists I. I. Mechnikov and M. F. Gamaliya
worked at this station and succeeded much in their investigations.
Inspite of favourable conditions for the successful development of
natural sciences in Russia many outstanding scientists worked in
Ukraine. It is known that the brilliant scientist M. I. Pirogov and his
followers, as V. O. Karavayev, O. F. Shimanovsky, M. V. Sklifosovsky and
others made valuable contribution in the Ukrainian medicine.
The famous scientists V. P. Obraztsov and M. D. Strazhesko were founders
of Kyiv therapeutist’ school. They made a huge progress in the field of
cardiology Winch was done in the treatment of many eye diseases by the
prominent scientist, academician V. P. Filatov who founded the Institute
of Eye diseases in Odesa. Many other outstanding scientists worked in
Ukraine whose names are well known m the world.
Answer the questions:
What does the history of medicine in Ukraine begin with?
When were the first medical hospitals founded in Kyiv?
What form were the first Kyiv hospitals in?
When were new hospitals built?
Whom did many physicians give the first aid to?
When was Kyiv Academy founded?
Where (did many physicians receive their doctors' degrees?
What former students of the Academy have become the well-known
What Universities were the medical departments founded at?
What medicine was widely used at that time?