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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваThe history of medicine in Ukraine (реферат)
Авторdimich
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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THE HISTORY OF MEDICINE IN UKRAINE.

 

The history of medicine in Ukraine begins with the history of folk

medicine.

 

The first medical hospitals in Kyiv Rus were founded in the 11 th

century and were mostly in the form of alms = houses attached to

churches.

 

In the 14th and 15th centuries new hospitals were built and many

physicians gave the first aid to the inhabitants of Ukraine and the

soldiers of Bogdan Khmelnytsky's troops.

 

As the number of physicians was inadequate some medical schools which

trailed specialists were opened. Kyiv Academy was founded in 1632. It

played a prominent role in the development of the Ukrainian medicine.

Many graduates of the Academy continued to enrich their knowledge abroad

and received their doctors' degrees there. Many former students of this

Academy have become the well-known scientists. They are the

epidemiologist D. S. Samoilovych, the obstetrician N, M.

Ambodyk-Maximovych, the podiatrist S. F. Chotovytsky, the anatomist 0.

M. Shumlyansky and many .others.

 

At the end of the I8th and during the 19th centuries the medical

departments were formed at the Universities of Kharkiv, Kyiv, Lviv and

Odesa. The total number of physicians has increased m Ukraine. The

medicine of Zemstvo was widely used at that time.

 

During the Crimean War (1854-1856), upon Pirogov's initiative the first

detachment of nurses was trained and sent to Sevastopol to help its

defenders. It gave the beginning of the organization "Red Cross".

 

In 1686 the first bacteriological station was organized in Odesa which

was of great importance in the development of microbiology and

epidemiology. The famous scientists I. I. Mechnikov and M. F. Gamaliya

worked at this station and succeeded much in their investigations.

Inspite of favourable conditions for the successful development of

natural sciences in Russia many outstanding scientists worked in

Ukraine. It is known that the brilliant scientist M. I. Pirogov and his

followers, as V. O. Karavayev, O. F. Shimanovsky, M. V. Sklifosovsky and

others made valuable contribution in the Ukrainian medicine.

 

The famous scientists V. P. Obraztsov and M. D. Strazhesko were founders

of Kyiv therapeutist’ school. They made a huge progress in the field of

cardiology Winch was done in the treatment of many eye diseases by the

prominent scientist, academician V. P. Filatov who founded the Institute

of Eye diseases in Odesa. Many other outstanding scientists worked in

Ukraine whose names are well known m the world.

 

Answer the questions:

 

What does the history of medicine in Ukraine begin with?

 

When were the first medical hospitals founded in Kyiv?

 

What form were the first Kyiv hospitals in?

 

When were new hospitals built?

 

Whom did many physicians give the first aid to?

 

When was Kyiv Academy founded?

 

Where (did many physicians receive their doctors' degrees?

 

What former students of the Academy have become the well-known

scientists?

 

What Universities were the medical departments founded at?

 

What medicine was widely used at that time?

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