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НазваТарас Григорович Шевченко – видатний український поет (Реферат)
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РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
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Тип документуРеферат
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на тему:

 

“Тарас Григорович Шевченко –

 

видатний український поет”

 

 

Taras Hryhorovich Shevchenko, the great Ukrainian poet, artist and

thinker, was born on March 9, 1814, in the village of Moryntsi in

central Ukraine, then part of the Russian Empire. His parents, H.

Shevchenko and K. Shevchenko, were serfs on the land of V. Engelhardt.

 

 

T.Shevchenko

 

Self-portrait with candle, 1861

 

His grandfather I. Shevchenko, who was a witness of the Haidamak

movement, had a significant influence on Taras. Taras's father was

literate, and he sent his son to be educated as an apprentice to a

deacon. In 1823, Taras's mother died, and his father married for a

second time. In 1825, his father also died. For some time little Taras,

now an orphan, served as a houseboy and was in training as a servant. A

talent for drawing showed itself in the boy quite early. When he was 14

years old, he became a domestic servant to P. Engelhardt.

 

In the spring of 1829, Taras travelled with P. Engelhardt to Vilnius,

Lithuania. There he studied painting under an experienced craftsman. The

Polish rebellion for national liberation from Russia began in November,

1830, and Engelhardt left for the Russian capital, St. Petersburg.

Shevchenko stayed with the lord's servants in Vilnius and was witness to

the revolutionary events. Shevchenko went to St. Petersburg at the

beginning of 1831. In 1832, the lord "contracted" him to the master

painter V. Shyryayev, with whom the lad experienced a hard school of

professional training.

 

 

Self-portrait, 1845

 

Noted writers and artists bought Shevchenko out of serfdom. The 2,500

rubles required were raised through a lottery in which the prize was a

portrait of the poet, Zhukovsky, painted by Karl Bryullov. The release

from serfdom was signed on April 22, 1838. A committee of the

Association for the Encouragement of Artists had examined drawings by

Shevchenko and approved them. In 1838, Shevchenko was accepted into the

Academy of Arts as an external student, practicing in the workshop of K.

Bryullov.

 

In January, 1839, Shevchenko was accepted as a resident student at the

Association for the Encouragement of Artists, and at the annual

examinations at the Academy of Arts, Shevchenko was given the Silver

Medal for a landscape. In 1840 he was again given the Silver Medal, this

time for his first oil painting, The Beggar Boy Giving Bread to a Dog.

 

 

 

In the library of Yevhen Hrebinka, he became familiar with anthologies

of Ukrainian folklore and the works of I. Kotlyarevsky, H.

Kvitka-Osnovyanenko, and the romantic poets, as well as many Russian,

East European and world writers.

 

Shevchenko began to write poetry even before he was freed from serfdom.

In 1840, the world first saw the Kobzar, Shevchenko's first collection

of poetry. Later Ivan Franko wrote that this book, "immediately

revealed, as it were, a new world of poetry. It burst forth like a

spring of clear, cold water, and sparkled with a clarity, breadth and

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