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Реферат на тему:

 

BIOGRAPHY

 

THEODORE DREISER

 

American author, outstanding representative of naturalism, whose novels

depict real-life subjects in a harsh light. Dreiser's novels were held

to be amoral, and he battled throughout his career against censorship

and popular taste. This started with SISTER CARRIE (1900). It was not

until 1981 that the work was published in its original form. Dreiser's

principal concern was with the conflict between human needs and the

demands of society for material success.

 

Theodore Dreiser (1871-1945) was born in Terre Haute, Indiana. His

parents were German immigrants whose marriage resulted in thirteen

children. Because his father was often ill and unemployed, the family

struggled against poverty throughout Dreiser's childhood. In rebellion

against his father's obsessive religiosity, Dreiser left home at fifteen

for Chicago. There, after three years of menial jobs, he found work as a

newspaper reporter. While Dreiser churned out hackwork for various

periodicals, he was reading the deterministic philosophy of Herbert

Spencer and the novels of Honore de Balzac, who believed in the

evolutionary doctrine that life is a struggle in which instinctive human

desires are often in conflict with conventional morality.

 

"A woman should some day write the complete philosophy of clothes. No

matter how young, it is one of the things she wholly comprehends. There

is an indescribably faint line in the matter of man's apparel which

somehow divides for her those who are worth glancing at and those who

are not. Once an individual has passed this faint line on the way

downward he will get no glance from her. There is another line at which

the dress of a man will cause her to study her own." (from Sister

Carrie)

 

Theodore Dreiser was born in Sullivan, Indiana, the ninth of ten

children. His parents were poor. In the 1860s his father, a devout

Catholic German immigrant, had attempted to establish his own woolen

mill, but after it was destroyed in a fire, the family lived in poverty.

Dreiser's schooling was erratic, as the family moved from town to town.

He left home when he was 16 and worked at whatever jobs he could find.

With the help of his former teacher, he was able to spend the year

1889-1890 at Indiana University. Dreiser left after only a year. He was,

however, a voracious reader, and the impact of such writers as

Hawthorne, Poe, Balzac, Herbert Spencer, and Freud influenced his

thought and his reaction against organized religion.

 

In 1892 Dreiser started to write for the Chicago Globe, and moved to a

better position with the St. Louis Globe-Democrat. In 1898 he married

Sara White, a Missouri schoolteacher, but the marriage was unhappy.

Dreiser separated permanently from her in 1909, but never earnestly

sought a divorce. In his own life Dreiser practised his principle that

man's greatest appetite is sexual - the desire for women led him to

carry on several affairs at once. His relationship with Yvette Szekely

Eastman is recorded in Dearest Wilding by Yvette Eastman (1995) - she

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