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НазваEdward Morgan Forster (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
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Edward Morgan Forster (1879-1970)


English author and critic, member of Bloomsbury group and friend of
Virginia Woolf. After gaining fame as a novelist, Forster spent his 46
remaining years publishing mainly short stories and non-fiction. Of his
five important novels four appeared before World War I. Forster's major
concern was that individuals should 'connect the prose with the passion'
within themselves, and that one of the most exacting aspect of the novel
is prophecy. 

"If human nature does alter it will be because individuals manage to
look at themselves in a new way. Here and there people - a very few
people, but a few novelists are among them - are trying to do this.
Every institution and vested interest in against such a search:
organized religion, the State, the family in its economic aspect, have
nothing to gain, and it is only when outward prohibitions weaken that it
can proceed: history conditions it to that extent." (from Aspects of the
Novel, 1927) 

Edward Morgan Forster was born in London as the son of an architect, who
died before his only child was two years old. Forster's childhood and
much of his adult life was dominated by his mother and his aunts. The
legacy of her paternal great-aunt Marianne Thornton, descendant of the
Clapham Sect of evangelists and reformers, gave later Forster the
freedom to travel and to write. Forster's years at Tonbridge School as a
teenager were difficult - he suffered from the cruelty of his

Forster attended King's College, Cambridge (1897-1901), where he met
members of the later formed Bloomsbury group. In the atmosphere of
skepticism, he became under the influence of Sir Jamer Frazer, Nathaniel
Wedd, Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinson, and G.E. Moore, and shed his not very
deep Christian faith. After graduating he travelled in Italy and Greece
with his mother, and on his return began to write essays and short
stories for the liberal Independent Review. In 1905 Foster spent several
month in German as tutor to the children of the Countess von Armin. 

In the same year appeared his first novel, WHERE ANGELS FEAR TO TREAD.
In the following year he lectured on Italian art and history for the
Cambridge Local Lectures Board. In 1907 appeared THE LONGEST JOURNEY,
then A ROOM WITH A VIEW (1908), based partly on the material from
extended holidays in Italy with his mother. The first part of the novel
is set in Florence, where the young Lucy Honeychurch is visitng with her
older cousin Charlotte Bartless. Lucy witnesses a murder and becomes
caught between two man, shallow, conventional Cecil Vyse and George
Emerson, who kisses Lucy during a picnic. The second half of the novel
takes place at Windy Corner, Lucy's home on Summer Street. She accepts a
marriage proposal from Cecil. The Emerson become friends of the
Honeychurches after George, Mr. Beebe, who is a clergyman, and Freddie,
Lucy's brother, are discovered bathing nude in the woods. Finally Lucy
overcomes prejudices and marries George. Forster also wrote during the
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