Реферат на тему:
of Great Britain
Great Britain is known by the outstanding people. To them concern
William Shakespeare, Charles Dickens, William Makepeace Thackeray,
Charlotte Bronte etc.
William Shakespeare was one of the greatest and famous writers. He was
born in 1564 in Stratford-on-Avon. It was a small English town. His
father wanted his son to be an educated person and William was sent to
the local grammar school. When the boy studied at school, he had no free
time. When he had a rest, William liked to go to the forest and to river
At that time actors and actresses visited Stratford-on-Avon. William
liked to watch them. He was fond of their profession and he decided to
become an actor.
Then he moved to London. There he became an actor. He began to write
plays and play supporting roles. Shakespeare was both an actor and a
playwright. In his works he described important and dramatic events of
life. His plays were staged in many theatres, translated into many
languages and they made Shakespeare a very popular person.
The most famous plays of the writer are "Othello", "King Lear",
"Hamlet", "Romeo and Juliet". Shakespeare would be well known for his
poetry alone. His sonnets, full of music and harmony, praise love,
friendship and beauty. His poetry is at the summit of human achievement.
William Shakespeare died in 1616. But his plays are popular now and
millions of people admire them.
One of the greatest writers of this school of novelists was Charles
Dickens. He was born in 1812 in the family of a small government
official in the city of Portsmouth. There Charles first went to school.
Never a strong child, he could not join his friends in games or any
sports. He spent most of his free time reading various books.
In 1821 the family moved to London where his father was soon ruined. His
father was thrown into a debtor's prison called Marshalsea and the whole
family went to live there. For many years the dark buildings of the
Marshalsea prison were the family's home. Charles though only ten years
of age had to leave school and begin a long and hard struggle with
poverty. In order to help the family in some way he went to work at a
blacking factory. He worked from early morning till late at night. He
suffered there so much that years later when he was at the height of his
fame he never spoke of the time spent at the factory without pain.
Many years passed before Charles returned to school. When he graduated
from school he became reporter on one of London's newspapers. He did his
work so well that he was considered the best parliamentary reporter in
London. The work of a reporter led him to journalism, and journalism led
to novel-writing. In 1836 when only twenty-four years of age, Charles
Dickens wrote his first book "Sketches by Boz". This book was followed
by "The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club" and in two years by
"Oliver Twist". These novels brought him fame both in England and in
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