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НазваOutstanding people of Great Britain (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Реферат на тему:


Outstanding people


of Great Britain



Great Britain is known by the outstanding people. To them concern

William Shakespeare, Charles Dickens, William Makepeace Thackeray,

Charlotte Bronte etc.


William Shakespeare


William Shakespeare was one of the greatest and famous writers. He was

born in 1564 in Stratford-on-Avon. It was a small English town. His

father wanted his son to be an educated person and William was sent to

the local grammar school. When the boy studied at school, he had no free

time. When he had a rest, William liked to go to the forest and to river



At that time actors and actresses visited Stratford-on-Avon. William

liked to watch them. He was fond of their profession and he decided to

become an actor.


Then he moved to London. There he became an actor. He began to write

plays and play supporting roles. Shakespeare was both an actor and a

playwright. In his works he described important and dramatic events of

life. His plays were staged in many theatres, translated into many

languages and they made Shakespeare a very popular person.


The most famous plays of the writer are "Othello", "King Lear",

"Hamlet", "Romeo and Juliet". Shakespeare would be well known for his

poetry alone. His sonnets, full of music and harmony, praise love,

friendship and beauty. His poetry is at the summit of human achievement.



William Shakespeare died in 1616. But his plays are popular now and

millions of people admire them.


Charles Dickens


One of the greatest writers of this school of novelists was Charles

Dickens. He was born in 1812 in the family of a small government

official in the city of Portsmouth. There Charles first went to school.

Never a strong child, he could not join his friends in games or any

sports. He spent most of his free time reading various books.


In 1821 the family moved to London where his father was soon ruined. His

father was thrown into a debtor's prison called Marshalsea and the whole

family went to live there. For many years the dark buildings of the

Marshalsea prison were the family's home. Charles though only ten years

of age had to leave school and begin a long and hard struggle with

poverty. In order to help the family in some way he went to work at a

blacking factory. He worked from early morning till late at night. He

suffered there so much that years later when he was at the height of his

fame he never spoke of the time spent at the factory without pain.


Many years passed before Charles returned to school. When he graduated

from school he became reporter on one of London's newspapers. He did his

work so well that he was considered the best parliamentary reporter in

London. The work of a reporter led him to journalism, and journalism led

to novel-writing. In 1836 when only twenty-four years of age, Charles

Dickens wrote his first book "Sketches by Boz". This book was followed

by "The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club" and in two years by

"Oliver Twist". These novels brought him fame both in England and in

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