228 відповідей на питання з американістики (шпаргалка)
Для тих, хто вивчає American Studies (поглиблено) в КНУ Шевченка
(Інститут Філології) а також всіх інших, хто готується до екзамену. 228
відповідей на питання з Американістики. Джерела - \r\nон-лайн
енцикопедії, the Potrtait of the USA, конспекти лекцыъ Шевченко Н.Б.
1. What factors caused the changes that made American English different
Will for self-identification, influence of other languages, distance
between the countries
What differences are there in British and American English? Differences
in grammar, pronunciation and spelling.
What differences in pronunciation are there in British and American
American English not do not have as much as rises and falls as in
British English, voices have higher pitch, , they are nasalized, “r” is
pronounced always, t/d a bit voiced, etc.
British English American English
Ary (stressed!) temporary
Ory territory, laboratory
Able amicable, hospitable, formidable
a er courage, nourish,
flourish, current, hurry
e ei semi-, anti-,
privacy, vitamins, either, neither, leisure
4. Comment on the term "Americanism" and give examples of Americanisms
-originate from America (are pointed in dictionaries if they have
-vocabulary units which can be used in all English-speaking countries.
Tomahawk, moccasin, wigwam, ranch, tornado, coyote;
Minister – secretary
Car – automobile
Secondary school – high school
Biscuits – cookies
Flat – apartment
Form – grade
Lift – elevator
Post – mail
Pavement – sidewalk
Lorry – truck
Tram – street-car
Petrol – gasoline
Wash up – do the dishes
Wash your hands – wash up
Comment on the differences between British and American grammar.
- Past Simple is used more often than Present Perfect (to introduce a
recent happening; give new information; with just, already, yet)
- I’ve got= I have; Have you got?= Do you have?
- “shall” is never used in the first form singular
- shall/should is used asking for the instructions
- use of auxiliaries (you needn’t/ you don’t need; I suggest that you do
- government, team, family – singular
- in the street/on the street
- take a bath/have a bath; take a shower/have a shower
- at weekends/on weekends
- different to/different than
- write to somebody/write somebody
- to, in hospital/ to, in the hospital
- burnt, spoilt/burned, spoiled – some irregular Br. verbs are regular
in Am. E.
- get, got, got/get, got, gotten
Give examples of some borrowings from other languages made in America.
Indian: opossum, raccoon, skunk, caribou, moose
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