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Назва228 відповідей на питання з американістики (шпаргалка)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
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Іноземна мова


228 відповідей на питання з американістики (шпаргалка)


Для тих, хто вивчає American Studies (поглиблено) в КНУ Шевченка

(Інститут Філології) а також всіх інших, хто готується до екзамену. 228

відповідей на питання з Американістики. Джерела - \r\nон-лайн

енцикопедії, the Potrtait of the USA, конспекти лекцыъ Шевченко Н.Б.


1. What factors caused the changes that made American English different



British English?


Will for self-identification, influence of other languages, distance

between the countries


What differences are there in British and American English? Differences

in grammar, pronunciation and spelling.


What differences in pronunciation are there in British and American



American English not do not have as much as rises and falls as in

British English, voices have higher pitch, , they are nasalized, “r” is

pronounced always, t/d a bit voiced, etc.


British English American English


Ary (stressed!) temporary


Ory territory, laboratory


Able amicable, hospitable, formidable


a er courage, nourish,

flourish, current, hurry


e ei semi-, anti-,



privacy, vitamins, either, neither, leisure


4. Comment on the term "Americanism" and give examples of Americanisms





-originate from America (are pointed in dictionaries if they have

British variant)


-vocabulary units which can be used in all English-speaking countries.




Tomahawk, moccasin, wigwam, ranch, tornado, coyote;


Minister – secretary


Car – automobile


Secondary school – high school


Biscuits – cookies


Flat – apartment


Form – grade


Lift – elevator


Post – mail


Pavement – sidewalk


Lorry – truck


Tram – street-car


Petrol – gasoline


Wash up – do the dishes


Wash your hands – wash up


Comment on the differences between British and American grammar.


- Past Simple is used more often than Present Perfect (to introduce a

recent happening; give new information; with just, already, yet)


- I’ve got= I have; Have you got?= Do you have?


- “shall” is never used in the first form singular


- shall/should is used asking for the instructions


- use of auxiliaries (you needn’t/ you don’t need; I suggest that you do



- government, team, family – singular


- in the street/on the street


- take a bath/have a bath; take a shower/have a shower


- at weekends/on weekends


- different to/different than


- write to somebody/write somebody


- to, in hospital/ to, in the hospital


- burnt, spoilt/burned, spoiled – some irregular Br. verbs are regular

in Am. E.


- get, got, got/get, got, gotten


- travelling/traveling


Give examples of some borrowings from other languages made in America.


Indian: opossum, raccoon, skunk, caribou, moose

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