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НазваSport and Tourism in Australia (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Sport and Tourism in Australia







Main Body:

Sports and Recreation


Australian Rules Football


Other Sport



The list of the used literature

I. Introduction:

Tourism is the world's largest and fastest growing industry. In recent
years there have been increases in international tourism for the purpose
of experiencing another culture. There is a wide-spread opinion that the
economic impact of tourism is always positive while the social and
environmental impact is always negative. Indeed, increasing incomes to
regions due to tourists are easy to see as well as numerous host-tourist
conflicts and destruction of the environment and local cultures.
However, tourism can have both positive and negative outcomes for
residents in communities when sharing and preserving their culture and
nature could be seen as conflicting goals. (Besculides, Lee, McCormick,
2002:303) In this paper I will consider impacts of tourism with
reference to the Australia. The area is unique because of its nature and
variety of sea activities, e.g. fishing, boat trips, sailing etc.Today
those resources which used to be source of living for the local
community have become very attractive for tourists. It is a challenge to
get most profits of the situation and avoid possible conflicts.

II. Sports and Recreation

Often referred to as the national identity, Australians take sport very
seriously. You can't walk into a bar without a sports event from
somewhere in Oz on TV. In winter, Western Australia, South Australia,
and Victoria catch footy fever for Australian Rules Football, while New
South Wales and Queensland traditionally follow rugby. In summer,
cricket is the spectator sport of choice across the nation. Star Aussie
Rules football players and top cricketers enjoy hero status. Tune in to
H. G. Nelson and Roy Slaven's Sunday afternoon Triple-J radio show This
Sporting Life for a taste of Aussie sport culture, or check out the
ridiculously popular Footy Show, on television's Channel 9.


The uninitiated may have trouble making sense of a sport where people
can "bowl a maiden over of five flippers and a googly," but visitors
won't be able to avoid the enthusiasm. Two teams of 11 players face off
in a contest that can last anywhere from an afternoon to five days. Each
summer, international cricket overshadows the national competition. Not
just a scrimmage, a "test match" is the most lengthy and serious form of
international cricket. In 1877, Australia's cricket team headed to
England for its first international test against the mother country,
emerging victorious. The Australians, as a shocked English reporter
wrote, had "taken off with the ashes" of English cricket. Ever since
then, British and Australian Test teams have been in noble contest for
"the Ashes" (the trophy is a small, symbolic urn) with other former
British colonial countries such as India, Pakistan, and South Africa
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