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НазваSport and Tourism in Australia (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Sport and Tourism in Australia










Main Body:


Sports and Recreation




Australian Rules Football




Other Sport






The list of the used literature


I. Introduction:


Tourism is the world's largest and fastest growing industry. In recent

years there have been increases in international tourism for the purpose

of experiencing another culture. There is a wide-spread opinion that the

economic impact of tourism is always positive while the social and

environmental impact is always negative. Indeed, increasing incomes to

regions due to tourists are easy to see as well as numerous host-tourist

conflicts and destruction of the environment and local cultures.

However, tourism can have both positive and negative outcomes for

residents in communities when sharing and preserving their culture and

nature could be seen as conflicting goals. (Besculides, Lee, McCormick,

2002:303) In this paper I will consider impacts of tourism with

reference to the Australia. The area is unique because of its nature and

variety of sea activities, e.g. fishing, boat trips, sailing etc.Today

those resources which used to be source of living for the local

community have become very attractive for tourists. It is a challenge to

get most profits of the situation and avoid possible conflicts.


II. Sports and Recreation


Often referred to as the national identity, Australians take sport very

seriously. You can't walk into a bar without a sports event from

somewhere in Oz on TV. In winter, Western Australia, South Australia,

and Victoria catch footy fever for Australian Rules Football, while New

South Wales and Queensland traditionally follow rugby. In summer,

cricket is the spectator sport of choice across the nation. Star Aussie

Rules football players and top cricketers enjoy hero status. Tune in to

H. G. Nelson and Roy Slaven's Sunday afternoon Triple-J radio show This

Sporting Life for a taste of Aussie sport culture, or check out the

ridiculously popular Footy Show, on television's Channel 9.




The uninitiated may have trouble making sense of a sport where people

can "bowl a maiden over of five flippers and a googly," but visitors

won't be able to avoid the enthusiasm. Two teams of 11 players face off

in a contest that can last anywhere from an afternoon to five days. Each

summer, international cricket overshadows the national competition. Not

just a scrimmage, a "test match" is the most lengthy and serious form of

international cricket. In 1877, Australia's cricket team headed to

England for its first international test against the mother country,

emerging victorious. The Australians, as a shocked English reporter

wrote, had "taken off with the ashes" of English cricket. Ever since

then, British and Australian Test teams have been in noble contest for

"the Ashes" (the trophy is a small, symbolic urn) with other former

British colonial countries such as India, Pakistan, and South Africa

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