найбільша колекція україномовних рефератів

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НазваToday\'s astonisning computers (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Not long ago computers were not very reliable and comparatively slow in

operation. Since then, several generations of complex electronic

computing equipment have been developed, each being significantly better

than the one before it. Almost every day a new use is found for these

astonishing devices to help man.


We know a computer to be a complex electronic device that can store and

process vast quantities of information. Following instructions,

computing equipment will perform calculations such as addition,

subtraction, multiplication and division, and provide the answers to a

large variety of problems in a tiny fraction of time.


A computer is known to be the "heart" of an electronic data processing

system, other parts of equipment being auxiliary.


There are two main types of computing equipment – digital and analogue.

They work differently and yield different results. The digital computer

is performing a much broader range of functions than the analogue one.


The analogue computer, as its name implies, produces analogues or

parallels of the process to be described or the problem to be solved.

Both the digital and analogue computers must be "programmed". This means

they must be set up in such a way that they can produce a result from

the information fed into them, and the information itself must be

organized so it can be handled by the machines. These devices working

by electronic impulses perform at fantastic speed and with great



Looking to the future, computer makers see no end to the things they

would like to accomplish. The computer of the future seems to be

developed by using bionics – biological functions of plants and animals

– as a guide in designing electronic circuits.


Nowadays computer makers are working at the problem of introducing small

computers into our everyday life making them personal. They are trying

to develop a computer that will understand human language.


Each new generation of computers opens up new possibilities for basic

and applied research.