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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваIvan Aivazovskyi (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Реферат з іноземної мови


Ivan Aivazovskyi


The picture gallery in Feodosia boasts the famous largest in the world

collection of the most prominent seascape Ivan K. Aivazovskyi. The

Gallery in fact is the sole in Ukraine museum of the seascape painting.


Apart from the pictures of the illustrious seascape painter on show here

are the works of his contemporaries and pupils-the artist K.

Bogaievskyi, M. Voloshin, M. Latri. There are also the works of modern

painters whose art is associated with the landscape of the Eastern



The Gallery was founded in 1880 by I. Aivazovskyi whose life and

creative career is reflected by the exhibition of the

memorial-historical department.


Ivan K. Aivazovskyi was born in Crimea in the seaside city of Feodosia

on July 17,1817. The impressions of childhood determined his

predilection for the seascape painting. In 1883 he entered the St.

Petersburg Academy of Arts..


In 1836 I.Aivazovskyi was introduced to O. Pushkin as a greatly

promising artist. He made 10 depictions of the great poet. The picture

known most of all is "Pushkin Bidding Farewell to the Sea" executed by

Aivazovskyi jointly with Illia Repin.


It took I. Aivazovskyi only four years to finish the six-year course of

the Academy of Arts. He received a big gold medal and was granted a

scholarship for training abroad.


In Italy I. Aivazovskyi ranked with the best painters of Europe. The

seascapes of the young painter appeared at the exhibitions in Rome,

Paris, London and Amsterdam. They were highly appreciated by the

viewers. In 183 I. Aivazovskyi was awarded in France a gold medal. In

Holland he was elected an Academician. It was a significant event since

Holland is known to be the homeland of the seascape painting.


I. Aivazovskyi came back from abroad a recognized master. He was made

Academician of St, Petersburg Academy. The painter was attached to the

Chief Naval Headquarters and was granted the right of wearing the

full-dress coat of the Ministry of Navy.


In 1845 the painter settled in Feodosia for good because of hi deep

affection for the Black Sea and his native city. He took the most active

part in the city's life. He created an art studio, opened a library and

initiated the construction of the archeological museum. His tireless

civic activities promoted the building of the seaport in Feodosia and

the railway to it.


I. Aivazovskyi strove to make his house a center of artistic life.In

1880 to the house where he lived and worked a large hall was added where

his paintings were exhibited. This hall became one of the first picture

galleries in the country. The house had a small stage where amateur

theatricals were arranged.


The Gallery was visited by the townspeople and the passengers of the

steamers calling at the Feodosia seaport.


Ivan Aivazovskyi retained till the last day of his life the ability to

creative work without which he could not live. His words 'To live means

for me to work", could have become the motto of his life.


Aivazovskyi died in the night on April 18, 1900.

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