Реферат з іноземної мови
The picture gallery in Feodosia boasts the famous largest in the world
collection of the most prominent seascape Ivan K. Aivazovskyi. The
Gallery in fact is the sole in Ukraine museum of the seascape painting.
Apart from the pictures of the illustrious seascape painter on show here
are the works of his contemporaries and pupils-the artist K.
Bogaievskyi, M. Voloshin, M. Latri. There are also the works of modern
painters whose art is associated with the landscape of the Eastern
The Gallery was founded in 1880 by I. Aivazovskyi whose life and
creative career is reflected by the exhibition of the
Ivan K. Aivazovskyi was born in Crimea in the seaside city of Feodosia
on July 17,1817. The impressions of childhood determined his
predilection for the seascape painting. In 1883 he entered the St.
Petersburg Academy of Arts..
In 1836 I.Aivazovskyi was introduced to O. Pushkin as a greatly
promising artist. He made 10 depictions of the great poet. The picture
known most of all is "Pushkin Bidding Farewell to the Sea" executed by
Aivazovskyi jointly with Illia Repin.
It took I. Aivazovskyi only four years to finish the six-year course of
the Academy of Arts. He received a big gold medal and was granted a
scholarship for training abroad.
In Italy I. Aivazovskyi ranked with the best painters of Europe. The
seascapes of the young painter appeared at the exhibitions in Rome,
Paris, London and Amsterdam. They were highly appreciated by the
viewers. In 183 I. Aivazovskyi was awarded in France a gold medal. In
Holland he was elected an Academician. It was a significant event since
Holland is known to be the homeland of the seascape painting.
I. Aivazovskyi came back from abroad a recognized master. He was made
Academician of St, Petersburg Academy. The painter was attached to the
Chief Naval Headquarters and was granted the right of wearing the
full-dress coat of the Ministry of Navy.
In 1845 the painter settled in Feodosia for good because of hi deep
affection for the Black Sea and his native city. He took the most active
part in the city's life. He created an art studio, opened a library and
initiated the construction of the archeological museum. His tireless
civic activities promoted the building of the seaport in Feodosia and
the railway to it.
I. Aivazovskyi strove to make his house a center of artistic life.In
1880 to the house where he lived and worked a large hall was added where
his paintings were exhibited. This hall became one of the first picture
galleries in the country. The house had a small stage where amateur
theatricals were arranged.
The Gallery was visited by the townspeople and the passengers of the
steamers calling at the Feodosia seaport.
Ivan Aivazovskyi retained till the last day of his life the ability to
creative work without which he could not live. His words 'To live means
for me to work", could have become the motto of his life.
Aivazovskyi died in the night on April 18, 1900.
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