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НазваThe high education system of Great Britain (реферат)
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All British universities are private institutions. Students have to pay
fees and living costs, but every student may obtain a personal grant
from local authorities. If the parents do not earn much money, their
children will receive a full grant which will cover all the expenses.
Students studying for first degrees are known as “undergraduates”. New
undergraduates in some universities are called “fresher”. They have
lectures, there are regular seminars. 

After three or four years the students will take their finals. Those who
pass examinations successfully are given the Bachelor’s degree: Bachelor
of Arts for History or Bachelor of Science. The first postgraduate
degree is Master of Arts, Master of Science. Doctor of Philosophy is the
highest degree. It is given for some original research work which is an
important contribution to knowledge. Open Days are a chance for
applicants to see the university, meet students and ask questions. All
this will help you decide whether you have made the right choice. 

The most famous universities in Britain are Oxford and Cambridge. They
are the two oldest English universities and they both have a long and
eventful history of their own. Oxford and Cambridge are regarded as
being academically superior to other universities and as giving special
privilege and prestige. Cambridge University consists of a group of 32
independent colleges. The first students came to the city in 1209 and
studied in the schools of the cathedral and monasteries. 

Further education in Britain is for people over 16 taking courses at
various levels up to the standard required for entry to higher
education. The Open University offers degrees for people who do not have
a formal education and qualifications, or who are older. Students study
at home and then post them off to a tutor for marking. Most courses take
six years and students get a number of credits for each year’s work. The
Open University was founded in 1969 and started its first course in
1971. About 120, 000 people have enrolled since then.

There are about 90 universities, including the Open University, Oxford,
and Cambridge, that were established in the 13th Century. The 15 city
technology colleges in England teach the national curriculum but with an
emphasis on science, technology, and mathematics.

Applying to a Higher Education Institution

If you are a student of any nationality applying from a non-EU country,
your application will be processed and copies sent to the universities
and colleges you have chosen at any time between 1 September 2001 and 30
June 2002 for entry in the year 2002. The closing date for Oxford and
Cambridge, and for applications to medicine, dentistry and veterinary
science/medicine was 15 October 2001. 

To have a good chance of getting a place you must apply before 30 June.
The guarantee for a good spot lessens after 15 January 2002. You should
check the deadline for individual universities and colleges. 
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