UkrReferat.com
найбільша колекція україномовних рефератів

Всього в базі: 75843
останнє поновлення: 2016-12-04
за 7 днів додано 10

Реферати на українській
Реферати на російській
Українські підручники

$ Робота на замовлення
Реклама на сайті
Зворотній зв'язок

 

ПОШУК:   

реферати, курсові, дипломні:

Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваПолинь (реферат)
Авторdimich
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
Продивилось1500
Скачало272
Опис
ЗАКАЧКА
Замовити оригінальну роботу

Реферат на тему:

 

ПОЛИНЬ

 

SAGE

 

Salvia

 

Blue Sage Salvia azurea

 

Scientific classification

 

Kingdom: Plantae

 

Division: Magnoliophyta

 

Class: Magnoliopsida

 

Order: Lamiales

 

Family: Lamiaceae

 

Genus: Salvia

 

L.

 

Species

 

see List of Salvia species

 

Sage is a term used for plants of the genus Salvia of the mint family,

Lamiaceae. When used without modifiers, sage generally refers to common

sage (Salvia officinalis); however, it can be used with modifiers to

refer to any member of the genus. This genus includes shrubs, herbaceous

perennials, and annuals. Different species of sage are grown as herbs

and as ornamental plants. The ornamental species are commonly referred

to by their scientific name Salvia.

 

The closely related genera Perovskia and Phlomis are also known as sage;

Russian Sage, (Perovskia atriplicifolia), native to the Crimea south to

Afghanistan and Pakistan, is grown as an ornamental plant because of its

blue-violet sprays of flowers and its adaptability to either sun or part

shade. It has a pleasant smell and is also grown as a bee plant, but is

not consumed by humans. Jerusalem Sage refers to Phlomis fruticosa and

other species of Phlomis.

 

Some species of the unrelated genus Artemisia are also referred to as

sages, a shortened version of sagebrush, which is a more appropriate

term for them. They generally taste vile and are not used in food

preparation, although many of them are used medicinally. Smudge bundles

are made with various grey-leaved species of Artemisia and are

misrepresented as "whitesage" smudges. The true whitesage is Salvia

apiana, which has a delightful scent when burned.

 

Contents [hide]

 

1 History

 

2 Notable species

 

2.1 Aromatic sages

 

2.2 Non-aromatic sages

 

2.3 Chia sages

 

3 Medicinal uses

 

3.1 Aromatic sages

 

4 References

 

5 External links

 

[edit]

 

History

 

The sage varieties used as herbs stem from the Mediterranean and Asia

Minor and Sage has been grown in Central Europe since the Middle Ages.

 

The name Salvia derives from the Latin 'salveo', which means 'to heal'.

Indeed this herb is highly regarded for its healing qualities. An

ancient proverb states, "Why should a man die who has sage in his

garden?". The ancient Greeks used it to treat consumption, ulcers and

snake bites.

 

The Romans considered sage to be a sacred herb and concocted a whole

elaborate ceremony just to pick it. A sage gatherer would have to use a

special knife (not made of iron as it reacts with the sage), have to

have clean clothes and clean feet and a sacrifice of food would have to

be made before he could begin. The Romans would use it for toothpaste;

they also believed it to be good for the brain, senses and memory.

 

The Chinese also were quite partial to this herb. 17th century Dutch

merchants found that they would trade one chest of sage leaves for three

of their teas [1].

 

[edit]

 

Notable species

 

[edit]

 

Aromatic sages

 

Salvia apiana, White sage, California white sage, a perennial at home in

the mountains of Southern California, sometimes found in the desert of

-----> Page:

0 [1]

ЗАМОВИТИ ОРИГІНАЛЬНУ РОБОТУ