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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваVictor Yanukovich (реферат)
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Victor Yanukovich


1 варіант


Viktor Fedorovych Yanukovych (born July 9 1950) was Prime Minister of

Ukraine from November 21, 2002 to December 31, 2004 and current leader

of Ukrainian Party of Regions. He was appointed prime minister after

previously serving as governor of Donets'ka oblast' in the east of the



In the Ukrainian presidential election of 2004, Yanukovych was declared

the winner. However, the legitimacy of his official victory was

questioned by many Ukrainians, international organisations, and foreign

governments. The second round of the election was subsequently annulled

by the Supreme Court, and in the repeated run-off, Yanukovych lost to

the opposition leader Viktor Yushchenko.


The Ukrainian parliament also passed a non-binding motion of no

confidence in his government, urging outgoing president Leonid Kuchma to

dismiss Yanukovych and appoint a caretaker government. Five days after

the defeat at the presidential election, Yanukovych declared his

resignation from the post of prime minister.


In 1968 and 1970, Yanukovych (according to officials) was convicted and

imprisoned for robbery and bodily injury. It was recently announced that

he was acquitted in 1978, although without documentation.


In 1972, Yanukovych became an electrician in a local bus company and

later finished tehnikum. In 1980, he graduated (by correspondence) from

Donets'k Polytechnic Institute, where he qualified as a mechanical

engineer. Immediately after that, Yanukovych was appointed chief manager

of a transportation company in Yenakiyeve (Donets'ka oblast') and

admitted to the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. This was the start

of a quick management career in regional automotive transport.

Yanukovych's political career began when he was appointed Head of State

Administration (i.e., oblast' government) of Donets'ka oblast', in 1997.



In 2001, he graduated from the Ukrainian Academy of Foreign Trade as a

Master of International Law. Later, Yanukovych was granted the titles of

Doctor of Science and Professor.


His primary language is Russian, which is by far the dominant language

in the eastern parts of Ukraine, and Crimea. Publication of his

handwritten documents revealed that he made numerous spelling mistakes

in Ukrainian; in particular, he was unable to write his title, position

or wife's name, properly.


Yanukovych has been long patronized by Georgi Beregovoi, a Soviet

cosmonaut of Ukrainian background. Being, then, the Soviet member of

parliament for Donbas, Beregovoi was said to be protecting an unjustly

convicted youngster and promoting his further career.


Yanukovych has been accused by his opponents of being connected to local

organized crime since the late 1980s and being its lobbyist up to

national-level politics. Indeed, he is closely linked to the so-called

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