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НазваJoseph Mallord William Turner (реферат)
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Joseph Mallord William Turner

 

Joseph Mallord William Turner (born in HYPERLINK

"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Covent_Garden" \o "Covent Garden" Covent

Garden , HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London" \o "London"

London on HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/April_23" \o "April

23" April 23 , HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1775" \o

"1775" 1775 (exact date disputed), died HYPERLINK

"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/December_19" \o "December 19" December 19

, HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1851" \o "1851" 1851 ) was

an HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/England" \o "England"

English HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romanticism" \o

"Romanticism" Romantic landscape artist, whose style can be said to

lay the foundations for HYPERLINK

"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Impressionism" \o "Impressionism"

Impressionism .

 

Life and career

 

His father, William Turner, was a wig-maker who later became a barber.

His mother, Mary Marshall, a housewife, became increasingly mentally

unstable during his early years, perhaps in part due to the early death

of Turner's younger sister in HYPERLINK

"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1786" \o "1786" 1786 . She died in

HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1804" \o "1804" 1804 , having

been committed to a HYPERLINK

"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mental_asylum" \o "Mental asylum" mental

asylum .

 

Possibly due to the load placed on the family by these problems, the

young Turner was sent in HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1785"

\o "1785" 1785 to stay with his uncle on his mother's side in

HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brentford" \o "Brentford"

Brentford , which was then a small town west of HYPERLINK

"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London" \o "London" London on the banks

of the HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/River_Thames" \o "River

Thames" Thames . It was here that he first expressed an interest in

painting. A year later he went to school in HYPERLINK

"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margate" \o "Margate" Margate in

HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kent" \o "Kent" Kent to the

east of London in the area of the HYPERLINK

"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thames_estuary" \o "Thames estuary"

Thames estuary . At this time he had been creating many paintings, which

his father exhibited in his shop window.

 

He was accepted into the HYPERLINK

"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Academy" \o "Royal Academy" Royal

Academy of Art when he was only 15 years old. Turner was interested in

being a part of the Royal Academy of Art unlike some of his

contemporaries. At first Turner showed a keen interest in architecture

but was advised to keep to painting by the architect HYPERLINK

"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Hardwick" \o "Thomas Hardwick"

Thomas Hardwick (junior) . HYPERLINK

"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sir_Joshua_Reynolds" \o "Sir Joshua

Reynolds" Sir Joshua Reynolds , the president of the Royal Academy at

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