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реферати, курсові, дипломні:

Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваJoseph Mallord William Turner (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Реферат на тему:


Joseph Mallord William Turner


Joseph Mallord William Turner (born in HYPERLINK

"" \o "Covent Garden" Covent

Garden , HYPERLINK "" \o "London"

London on HYPERLINK "" \o "April

23" April 23 , HYPERLINK "" \o

"1775" 1775 (exact date disputed), died HYPERLINK

"" \o "December 19" December 19

, HYPERLINK "" \o "1851" 1851 ) was

an HYPERLINK "" \o "England"

English HYPERLINK "" \o

"Romanticism" Romantic landscape artist, whose style can be said to

lay the foundations for HYPERLINK

"" \o "Impressionism"

Impressionism .


Life and career


His father, William Turner, was a wig-maker who later became a barber.

His mother, Mary Marshall, a housewife, became increasingly mentally

unstable during his early years, perhaps in part due to the early death

of Turner's younger sister in HYPERLINK

"" \o "1786" 1786 . She died in

HYPERLINK "" \o "1804" 1804 , having

been committed to a HYPERLINK

"" \o "Mental asylum" mental

asylum .


Possibly due to the load placed on the family by these problems, the

young Turner was sent in HYPERLINK ""

\o "1785" 1785 to stay with his uncle on his mother's side in

HYPERLINK "" \o "Brentford"

Brentford , which was then a small town west of HYPERLINK

"" \o "London" London on the banks

of the HYPERLINK "" \o "River

Thames" Thames . It was here that he first expressed an interest in

painting. A year later he went to school in HYPERLINK

"" \o "Margate" Margate in

HYPERLINK "" \o "Kent" Kent to the

east of London in the area of the HYPERLINK

"" \o "Thames estuary"

Thames estuary . At this time he had been creating many paintings, which

his father exhibited in his shop window.


He was accepted into the HYPERLINK

"" \o "Royal Academy" Royal

Academy of Art when he was only 15 years old. Turner was interested in

being a part of the Royal Academy of Art unlike some of his

contemporaries. At first Turner showed a keen interest in architecture

but was advised to keep to painting by the architect HYPERLINK

"" \o "Thomas Hardwick"

Thomas Hardwick (junior) . HYPERLINK

"" \o "Sir Joshua

Reynolds" Sir Joshua Reynolds , the president of the Royal Academy at

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