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Michael Faraday

 

Michael Faraday ( HYPERLINK

"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/September_22" \o "September 22" September

22 , HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1791" \o "1791" 1791 –

HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/August_25" \o "August 25"

August 25 , HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1867" \o "1867"

1867 ) was a HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom"

\o "United Kingdom" British HYPERLINK

"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scientist" \o "Scientist" scientist (a

HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Physicist" \o "Physicist"

physicist and HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chemist" \o

"Chemist" chemist ) who contributed significantly to the fields of

HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electromagnetism" \o

"Electromagnetism" electromagnetism and HYPERLINK

"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electrochemistry" \o "Electrochemistry"

electrochemistry . He also invented the earliest form of the device that

was to become the HYPERLINK

"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bunsen_burner" \o "Bunsen burner" Bunsen

burner , which is used almost universally in science laboratories as a

convenient source of heat.

 

Michael Faraday was one of the great scientists in history. Some

historians of science refer to him as the greatest experimentalist in

the history of science. It was largely due to his efforts that

HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electricity" \o "Electricity"

electricity became viable for use in technology. The HYPERLINK

"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SI" \o "SI" SI unit of HYPERLINK

"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capacitance" \o "Capacitance" capacitance

, the HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Farad" \o "Farad" farad

(symbol F) is named after him.

 

Early career

 

Michael Faraday was born in HYPERLINK

"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newington%2C_London%2C_England" \o

"Newington, London, England" Newington Butts , near present-day

HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elephant_and_Castle" \o

"Elephant and Castle" Elephant and Castle , HYPERLINK

"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London" \o "London" London . His family

was poor (his father, James Faraday, was a blacksmith) and he had to

educate himself. At fourteen he became apprenticed to bookbinder and

seller HYPERLINK

"http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=George_Riebau&action=edit" \o

"George Riebau" George Riebau and, during his seven year

apprenticeship, read many books, developing an interest in science and

specifically electricity.

 

At the age of twenty Faraday attended lectures by the eminent scientist

Sir HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Humphry_Davy" \o "Humphry

Davy" Humphry Davy , president of the HYPERLINK

"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Society" \o "Royal Society" Royal

Society , and HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Tatum" \o

"John Tatum" John Tatum , founder of the HYPERLINK

"http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=City_Philosophical_Society&ac

tion=edit" \o "City Philosophical Society" City Philosophical Society .

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