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реферати, курсові, дипломні:

Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваVerb: the category of aspect (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Реферат з англійської мови


Verb: the category of aspect



It is but natural that the verb should take up so much, or

indeed, more space than all the other parts of speech we have

so far considered, put together. It is the only part of

speech in present – day English that has a morphological system

based on a series of categories. It is the only part of

speech that has analytical forms, and again the only one that

has forms (the infinitive, the gerund and the participle) which

occupy a peculiar position in its system and do not share

some of the characteristic features of the part of speech as

a whole.


In analysing the morphological structure of the English verb it

is essential to distinguish between the morphological categories

of the verb as such, and the syntactic features of the

sentence (or clause) in which a form of the verb may happen

to be used. This applies especially to the category of voice

and, to a certain extent, to the categories of aspect and

tense as well.


The order in which we shall consider the categories of the

verb may to a certain extent be arbitrary. However, we should

bear in mind that certain categories are most closely linked

together than others. Thus, it stands to reason that the

categories of aspect and tense are linked more closely than

either of them is with the category of voice. It is also

plain that there is a close connection between the categories

of the tense and mood. These relations will have to be borne

in mind as we start to analyse the categories of the verb.


One last preliminary remark may be necessary here. It is always

tempting, but it may prove dangerous, to approach the

morphological system of the verb in one language from the point

of view of another language, for example, the student’s

mother tongue, or a widely known language such as Latin. Of

course the system of each language should be analysed on its

own, and only after this has been done should to compare it

with another. Anyway the assessment of the system of a given

language ought not to be influenced by the student’s knowledge

of another language. Neglect of this principle has often brought

about differences in the treatment of the same language,

depending on the student’s mother tongue.


We will begin the analysis of each verbal category by

examining two forms or two sets of forms v differing from each

other according to that category only.




The category of Aspect is a linguistic representation of the

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