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НазваSwastika in history (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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One of the symbols the Aryans had was the sun wheel, representing the

sun and originally meaning "well being". Originally a letter of the

ancient Indo-European Sanskrit language, this emblem was carried by

Celts, Germans and Slavs throughout their wanderings, with the Celtic

Cross later incorporated into Christian symbolism. The sun-wheel was

developed into the sign known today as the swastika and incorporated

into the Indo-Aryan's religion, from where it was transported over into

the Hindu religion, which sprang from a corruption of the Indo-Aryans'

beliefs. This is the reason why the swastika can be seen to this day in

Hindu temples.


As an enduring symbol of the Indo-European peoples wherever they went,

the swastika is found in all the lands where these people settled. Some



  1. The Swastika in India:



Above: The swastika can be seen on a carving called an ayagaptha, in

Mathura, India. The emblem is one of the last remains of the tribe of

Nordic Indo-Europeans - who called themselves Aryans - who invaded

India. In that land, they were eventually absorbed into the overwhelming

Nonwhite mass, creating the caste system still present in that country

to this day.




2. The Swastika in Classical Greece:



Above: An example of how the swastika was also used as a symbol in

Classical Greece. Here it can be seen as a decoration on the clothing of

a picture of Athene, the Goddess of Wisdom, the arts and war - and also

patron of the city of Athens. This detail is from a Greek vase dating

from approximately 500 BC.


3. The Swastika in Classical Rome:



Above: The Indo-European origins of the Romans - in particular the

Latini tribe - are apparent through their liberal use of the swastika as

an emblem. Here the swastika can be seen upon the Ara  Pacis Augustae:

the altar built to commemorate the peace established by Augustus,

consecrated 4 July 13 BC. The swastika can also be seen in a virtually

identical format in many Classical Greek designs: hence it is often

called a "Greek key" pattern.


4. The Swastika in the Viking era



Above: The Indo-European origins of the Vikings is illustrated by this

detail from a very well preserved Viking ship uncovered by archeologists

in Scandinavia, known as the Osberg ship, circa 800 AD. A handle mount

on a bucket found in the ship depicts a figure carrying a shield with

four swastika sun emblems in its corners. The fact that the swastika

appears as a symbol from Scandinavia to Italy to India indicates

precisely how far the Indo-European influence was felt.


5. The Isle of Man Triskelion, ca. 10 Century AD.



According to the islanders, this symbol was of Norsk [Norwegian] origin,

and was displayed on the armorial bearings of the Kings of Norway.


 The Triskelion also appears on this 6th Century B.C. Greek vase -

further evidence of cultural links through race and time:



6. The Swastika and Adolf Hitler



Above: The sun wheel, or swastika, was a symbol in the ancient Nordic

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