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Rudyard Kipling ()
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Rudyard Kipling


Rudyard Kipling was born on December 30, 1865 in Bombay.


His father, John Lockwood Kipling, was a professor of architectural

sculpture, curator of the Lahore Museum, a painter and an illustrator of

some note. Rudyards parents were English.


As a child Rudyard was quick to learn, alert in games and in solving

puzzles. He spent his childhood in Lahore. The boy was the idol of the

Hindoo servants. Hindoo was the first language he spoke.


At 6 young Kipling was taken to England and educated at an English

College in North Devon. From March 1882 until June 1883 he was

editor-in-chief of the school paper The Chronicle. This training was

the natural step to the editorial position, which he later occupied.


As far as his studies were concerned, he was not brilliant in

mathematics, but in history he was very well. When he went back to India

in 1883, he took with him the gold medal of the college for a prize

essay on history.


Returning to India, Kipling engaged in journalism. At 17 he became

sub-editor of the Lahore Civil and Military Gazette. At 21 he

published his first volume. Departmental Ditties, a small book of verse.

A year later he attracted public attention as a story-teller with Plain

Tales from the Hills. Before he was 24he had brought out six small

collections of stories, which showed his mastery in the form. Among

these early narratives some of the best are :Soldiers Three, The

Phantom Rickshaw and Wee Willie Winkie. These and the stories, which

followed, were astonishing in their vigour, brilliant colour, accurate

observation and , above all, their remarkable inventiveness. Here was a

new master of fiction.


All his life Kipling was admired by the people he came in touch with. He

was respected for his generosity, sense of humor and pleasant ways. He

was said to be extremely modest.


Rudyard loved India and its inhabitants. His respect for the country

and for the peoples of Asia remained with him throughout his life and

coloured much of his writing. But still he never forgot that he was a

white man and an Englishman.


Kiplings talent was quickly recognized in India, but it was not till

his books reached England that give true rank was appreciated and



Between 1887 and 1899 Kipling traveled around the world. He visited

China, Japan and lived for a few years in America, where he married an

American-Caroline Starr Balestier.


During this period he wrote several of his most popular works, which

took the reading public by storm. These were his stories for children,

which became classics: The Jungle Books (1894-1895), Captains Courageous

(1897) and Just So Stories (1902). He appealed equally, to youth and age

with Kim (1901), Puck Of Pooks Hill (1906) and Rewards And Fairies

(1910).These works are fine examples of the modern treatment of history.

Kipling had a profound sense oh history and his history was always

human, and human of the common people, never of kings and aristocrats.


During the South African war (1899-1902) Kipling supported the policy of

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