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Ensemble music

 

Troyista muzyka

 

The Hutsuls have a legend about the troyista muzyka ensemble. "Three

musicians - a violinist, a tsymbaly player and a piper - fell in love

with a maiden. To choose her bridegroom, the maiden suggested that they

take part in a contest, and she would marry the player whose music the

people judged to be the best. Each musician played in turn his favorite

melody, but as the three musicians played equally well, none of them

could win the contest. Then the maiden asked them to compete again, this

time playing the same melody, but again nobody scored a victory. There

was only one thing left to do - to play the tune together. Their joint

performance yielded such enchanting music that the people decided that

it would be a sin to part them and so they continue to play together."

In this way this music became known as "troyista muzyka," i.e. trio

music. Ensembles of this type usually consist of three musicians: a

violinist, a tsymbaly and a bubon player. In some ensembles the

instruments can be varied with the inclusion of the basolia or sopilka

instead of the bubon. The ensemble's instrumentation and also the style

of music it plays differs from region to region.

 

GENERIC ENSEMBLES

 

Bandura Ensembles

 

included several hurdy-gurdy players and a troyista muzyka ensemble.

After this historic performance, interest in the bandura became

widespread. In a short period non-blind intellectuals were learning to

play the bandura and gradually ensembles were formed. One of the first,

consisting of students from Kyiv University was led by Mykhailo

Domontovych gave its first public performance in Kyiv in 1908. Bandura

ensembles were soon established in cities outside of Ukraine, in Moscow

and the Kuban'.

 

1950, where it settled in Detroit. The Shevchenko Bandura Chorus became

known in the United Staes as the Ukrainian Bandurist Chorus was closely

associated with its conductor the late Hryhory Kytasty. From 1984-1996

the group has been directed by Volodymyr Kolesnyk. Currently its new

conductor is Oleh Mahlay. In 1948 a new State Bandurist Chorus was also

re-established in Kyiv under the direction of Olexander Minkivsky. Its

current director is Mykola Hvozd. With post WWII migration to countries

such as North America, South America and Australia, ensembles and

Bandura Choruses have been established in most cities that have a

Ukrainian population.

 

UKRAINIAN FOLK ORCHESTRAS

 

The idea of an orchestra of Ukrainian folk instruments was slow in

developing in Ukraine. The first performance of such a group can be

traced back to the XIIth Archeological Congress in Kharkiv, which under

the direction of Hnat Khotkevych included not only banduras but

hurdy-gurdies, violins a basolia and a tambourine. In 1922 Leonid

Haydamaka, a student of Hnat Khotkevych organized a bandura ensemble in

the Metalworkers Club in Kharkiv. This ensemble slowly introduced

banduras of various sizes of the Kharkiv type.

 

Gradually other instruments were added such as the tsymbaly, the lira,

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