найбільша колекція україномовних рефератів

Всього в базі: 75770
останнє поновлення: 2016-10-24
за 7 днів додано 10

Реферати на українській
Реферати на російській
Українські підручники

$ Робота на замовлення
Реклама на сайті
Зворотній зв'язок


реферати, курсові, дипломні:

Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваInstrumental folk music(реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
Замовити оригінальну роботу
Instrumental folk music

The most simple and earliest forms of instrumental folk music include
signals used in various occupations and in ceremony. The inhabitants of
the Carpathian mountains used the trembita in its various forms to
inform others about the birth or death of a villager, to signal the
return of shepherds back from mountain pastures and for other important

The traditional signals are territorial, and form an intricate method of
communication. Many of these signals have been recorded, particularly
signals used by shepherds to note the time to arise, to go to bed, to do
the midday milking or to warn about the proximity thiefs. Ceremonial
signals are typically functional in origin. Violin melodies are played
at various parts of a wedding ceremony such as the handing over of the
bride, the weaving of the wedding towels around the arms of the newly
weds, and the beginning of the wedding banquet.

At funeral services special motifs were played to bid farewell to the
departed soul. Song forms are usually based on the melodic and harmonic
basis of the songs accompanied. Some forms require special accompaniment
forms such as in the dumy accompanied by the bandura, kobza or lira.
Dance music is an integral part of the instrumental music repertoire.

In contrast with Ukrainian folksongs, rich in melodies and varied in
rhythmical structures, the folk dances are mostly in duple time, and
based on symmetrical musical periods. The principal dances are closely
related musically and only different accents establish their
choreographical characteristics. Dances were usually incorporated into
rituals such as the wedding, and holidays. The Ukrainians have many
dances that imitate daily life and works such as: Kozak, Kysil, Buhaj,
Poltavka, Dudochka, Metelytsia, Hajduk, Chaban, and many others. The
most prominent Ukrainian folk dances are:

The Metelytsia

The title literally means snowstorm dance. Usually the Metelytsia is in
a minor key in 2/4 time. This dance abounds in swift choreographed
figures of a spinning nature, symbolizing a snowstorm. The dance retains
much of its Khorovod character, the ancient form of communal or group
dancing and choral sining with many figures in a circle form. In the
past the Metelytsia was danced to only choral accompaniment. Prelevant
in the Eastern half of Ukraine.

The Hopak

The Hopak is one of the most popular dances originally only for men in
which they could show off their prowess, heroism and manliness. Often
during the Hopak a series of spectacular solos by several dancers
generates an exciting air of competition. This dance incorporates many
acrobatic movements, usually in a major key and a fast tempo. Variants
of the Hopak include the Zaporozetz, Tropak. Hopak melodies may vary in
mood but are generally in the major mode. Some Hopak melodies are
performed entirely without singing, and may be heard without any dancing
at all.

The Kozachok

The title of this dance is derived from the word Kozak, and its origins
-----> Page: 
0 [1] [2]

© UKRREFERAT.COM 2000-2016

Друзі: Картинки, Приколы, Истории в ibigdan!