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НазваUkrainian Holidays (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Ukrainian Holidays 



The Ukrainians are just fond of celebrating holidays. They strictly
observe the traditions of Orthodox and Soviet holidays and readily
accept Western holidays like St. Valentine Day, Halloween, St. Patrick's
Day and so on. A great number of holidays can be divided into several
groups - public, religious and just holidays. Public holidays are marked
with red in the calendar for you not to forget to have a good rest. When
a holiday falls on a non-work day, Saturday or Sunday, the nearest
Friday or Monday is a day-off. 



Jan 1 New Year's Day no doubt the main holiday of the year. According to the most
recent polls about 90% of the Ukrainians have called it their favorite
holiday, everybody impatiently waits for round the year. People decorate
the New Year Tree, cook festive dinners, buy presents, go to numerous
New Year's parties that are generously held not only at the end of
December but also in the first two weeks of January. There is a saying
that a person will spend the year the way he has welcomed it, so many do
their best to have fun on the New Year's Day. One usually spends this
day or, to be more precise, evening and night with his family or
friends. The local channels show loved-by-all Soviet films and a few
minutes before midnight, the annual festive address of the President to
his nation is broadcasted. This bright holiday is loved by people of
different ages, but it is especially dear to children. They believe that
Ded Moroz, or Santa Claus, comes this night and puts gifts under the
tree, of course if they haven't been naughty in the old year. 



Jan 7 Orthodox Christmas


...Orthodox Church uses the Julian calendar, which is 13 days behind the
Gregorian calendar, used in Europe and North America. Therefore the
Ukrainians celebrate Christmas on January 7, 13 days later than the
Catholic world. A very important religious holiday, Christmas wasn't
celebrated under the Soviets almost during the whole 20th century and
only at the end of 1990s it was resurrected. On January 6th, Christmas
Eve, many families gather for Sviata Vecheria (Holy Supper). The
twelve-course meal is dedicated to Christ's twelve apostles. The
traditional meals included are kutia (home-made bread with honey and red
poppies), borsch (beet soup), vushka (dumplings filled with onions and
mushrooms), a variety of fish, vareniki (dumplings filled with cabbage,
potatoes, or prunes), andholubtsi (stuffed cabbage). In the last few
years many forgotten traditions like Kolyadki (masked children going
door-to-door to receive candy in exchange for traditional songs and
jokes) have being reviving. 


Jan 13 Old New Year's Day


...The strangest holiday of the Slavonic calendar. In fact, it is also
connected with the conservatism of Slavonic people. After the 1917
Revolution, Russia and Ukraine switched to the western calendar. Before
that time they have been 13 days behind the rest of the world. However,
even though the official calendar was switched, many people did not want
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