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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваMikhail Vrubel (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Mikhail Vrubel




Self-portrait, HYPERLINK "" \o

"1885" 1885


Mikhail Aleksandrovich Vrubel ( HYPERLINK

"" \o "Russian language"

Russian : Михаил Александрович Врубель; HYPERLINK

"" \o "March 17" March 17 ,

HYPERLINK "" \o "1856" 1856 -

HYPERLINK "" \o "April 14" April

14 , HYPERLINK "" \o "1910" 1910 ,

all HYPERLINK "" \o "N.s." n.s. ) is

usually regarded as the greatest HYPERLINK

"" \o "Russia" Russian painter of

the HYPERLINK "" \o "Art

Nouveau" Art Nouveau movement. In reality, he deliberately stood aloof

from contemporary art trends, so that the origin of his unusual manner

should be sought in the Late Byzantine and Early Renaissance painting.




HYPERLINK "" \l "Early_life" 1 Early



HYPERLINK "" \l "Controversial_fame" 2

Controversial fame


HYPERLINK "" \l "Decline" 3 Decline


HYPERLINK "" \l "Works" 4 Works


HYPERLINK "" \l "External_links" 5

External links


Early life


Vrubel was born in the HYPERLINK ""

\o "Omsk" Omsk city ( HYPERLINK

"" \o "Siberia" Siberia ), in a

military lawyer's family and graduated from the Law Faculty of


Petersburg University" St Petersburg University in 1880. Next year he

entered the HYPERLINK

"" \o "Imperial

Academy of Arts" Imperial Academy of Arts , where he studied under

direction of HYPERLINK

"" \o "Pavel Tchistyakov"

Pavel Tchistyakov . Even in his earliest works, he exhibited striking

talent for drawing and highly idiosyncratic outlook. Although he still

relished academic monumentality, he would later develop a penchant for

fragmentory composition and "unfinished touch".




Demon Seated in a Garden, 1890


In HYPERLINK "" \o "1884" 1884 , he

was summoned to replace the lost 12th-century murals and mosaics in the

St Cyril church of HYPERLINK "" \o

"Kiev" Kiev with the new ones. In order to execute this commission, he

went to HYPERLINK "" \o "Venice"

Venice to study the medieval Christian art. It was here that, in the

words of an art historian, "his palette acquired new strong saturated

tones resembling the iridescent play of precious stones". Most of his

works painted in Venice have been lost, because the artist was more

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