Реферат на тему:
About Homesexuality in General
The Cases of Sexual Orientation.
Attitudes Toward Homosexuality.
Fay and Lesbian Families.
Fay and Lesbian Parents.
How Many Are Out There?
Divorced Lesbian Mothers and Fay Fathers.
Lesbian and Fay Men Choosing Parent-hood.
The Children of Fay and Lesbian Parents.
Tender and Sexual Orientation.
Children Born to Lesbian Mothers.
Implications for Counselors.
I. About Homesexuality in General.
Homosexuality is sexual activity between individuals of the same sex.
Both men and women may be considered homosexual. Female homosexuals
often call themselves lesbians. Male homosexuals sometimes refer to
themselves as gay. Scientists estimate that 1 to 10 percent of men and
women in the United States feel sexually attracted primarily to members
of their own sex.
Some people are not entirely homosexual or entirely heterosexual
(sexually attracted only to the opposite sex). Some people with
homosexual experiences or tendencies marry individuals of the opposite
sex and have children. Many people who identify themselves as
heterosexuals have participated in some kind of homosexual activity at
some time in their lives. People who are strongly attracted to members
of both sexes are called bisexuals.
It is fairly common for young boys — and, less frequently, for young
girls — to masturbate (handle or rub their sex organs). Boys may
stimulate each other in this way, and so may girls. Such activity rarely
indicates or develops into a homosexual orientation. In most cases, the
young people are simply exploring their own sexual development. See Sex
Some homosexual behavior results from the unavailability of partners of
the opposite sex and may not reflect a homosexual interest that
continues once partners of the opposite sex become available. Thus, a
person who spends long periods separated from the opposite sex may turn
to members of his or her own sex for sexual partners. For example, such
a situation may occur in prison.
Many homosexuals hide their homosexuality. Others are more open about
it. Many join gay or lesbian groups. Sometimes two homosexuals establish
a long-term relationship that is similar to marriage.
2. The causes of sexual orientation are not fully understood. Some
experts believe all people are born with a bisexual potential. But for a
majority of people, either homosexuality or heterosexuality becomes
their sexual orientation.
Most experts feel that a number of different factors can influence the
direction of one's sexual orientation. Some researchers have suggested
that sexual orientation results chiefly from biological factors. These
may include a specific gene inherited from a parent or the effect of
hormones in the mother's womb on the developing brain of a fetus. Other
researchers believe a person's sexual orientation is associated
primarily with social and psychological factors. For example, according
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