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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваChristmas in the different country’s (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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“Christmas in the different country’s”




Christmas is a peaceful, family holiday opposite to a fairy New Year

holiday, with obligatory Christmas tree. It sounds unbelievable that

people used to celebrate Christmas without a Christmas tree. But it's

true: a custom to decorate the tree is only several hundred years old.

And this custom was set up in Germany.






The first decorated Christmas trees were established as a fact by a

medieval historian in 1605 in German-speaking Alsace (territory of

modern France). The trees first appeared in the houses of rich merchants

and noblemen decorated with golden apples and nut garlands. Besides, in

medieval Germany they decorated not just fur-trees, but also pine-trees

and cherry trees and beech branches. It used to be a pagan tradition,

and became an official Christmas tradition only in the 19th century.


In modern Germany, among Christmas dishes, there is milled wine cooked

according to a special Christmas recipe. In addition with varying

ingredients such as traditional oranges, cinnamon and red wine it

includes other ingredients.






In December cities and towns of the country have lots of traditional

arrangements such as par-ties with colleagues and friends, decoration of

Christmas trees (the main Christmas tree is situated on Trafalgar Square

in London), concerts with Christmas carols played with traditional

charity fund-raising.


Christmas Day will never be complete without Christmas dinner. The table

is laden with food cooked especially for this day. The main dish is a

huge roasted turkey stuffed with apples, fruits, spices and cranberry

sauce which is a usual accompaniment to turkey. It is all followed by a

Christmas cottage pudding flavored by rum and sherry. It is common

practice to pour over brandy and set it on fire, and put it burning on

the table. In some houses it is usual to put coins inside which brings

happiness and luck to the person who finds it.






According to the old traditions of this country, early in the morning

people should bring firewood for the whole Christmas period - from

Christmas to the New Year. It is desirable to have seven sorts of wood.


They bake cookies and pastry of seven different types. When the evening

comes all the pastry goes on the table. This tradition to put all

Christmas food on the table appeared in the medieval times when lots of

travelers could come inside and eat. Fattened hogs normally serve as the

main meat for cold and hot meat dishes. They also should remember about

neese - a Norwegian Santa-Glaus. They cooked a special porridge with a

piece of butler inside and put a beer. Before the meal they normally put

Christmas candles on the table, which should be big enough to light for

the whole night.






The day before Christinas the Greeks traditionally go to the forest and

looked for the hardest fur-tree (sometimes it is an olive tree). They

chop it and bring it home. The tree is called "Christohilo" - Christmas

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