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НазваUkraine (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
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The territory of Ukraine extends 900 km from north to south and 1,300 km

from east to west. The total area is 603,700 Ukraine borders

Belarus, Hungary , Moldova , Poland , Romania, Russia , Slovakia.


There are 24 administrative regions and the Cremean autonomous republic

in Ukraine, 2 municipalities: Kyiv (the capital of Ukraine) and

Sevastopol' (the main military port of Crimea).


Climate: temperate continental; Mediterranean only on the southern

Crimean coast; precipitation disproportionately distributed, highest in

west and north, lesser in east and southeast; winters vary from cool

along the Black Sea to cold farther inland; summers are warm across the

greater part of the country, hot in the south.


Terrain: most of Ukraine consists of fertile plains (steppes) and

plateaus, mountains being found only in the west (the Carpathians), and

in the Crimean Peninsula in the extreme south.


Natural resources: iron ore, coal, manganese, natural gas, oil, salt,

sulfur, graphite, titanium, magnesium, kaolin, nickel, mercury, timber,

arable land.


In the heart of Europe is situated the second largest European country

named Ukraine, the second largest of the continent after Russia, and one

of the most populous in Europe.


The HYPERLINK "" geographical

position of Ukraine is very favourable: outlets to Black and Azov Seas,

HYPERLINK "" Crimean and

HYPERLINK "" Carpathian

Mountains , many rivers and lakes, plains rich on productive black

earth, forests and rich in minerals regions. Due to the mild climate and

geographical position Ukraine is agricultural country.


Official language: Ukrainian


Capital: HYPERLINK "" Kyiv


Independence: August, 24, 1991


Location:Central-Eastern Europe, part of the East-European plain,

between 44''20' and 52''20' N and 22''5' and 41''15'E.


Area: 603 700 km2


Climate: moderately continental, except for Southern Crimea, where the

climate is subtropical, of the Mediterranean type. The Carpathian

climate is also mild, with warm winter and rainy summer.


Average winter temperature is from -8° to -12° C (from +17.6° F to +3°

F). In the Southern regions average winter temperature is 0° C (+32° F).


Average summer temperature is from +18° to +25° C (from +64.4° F to +77°

F), although maximum temperature can be more than +35° C (+95° F).


Best time to visit Ukraine: summer, late spring and early autumn.


Population 47 732 079 (25th in the world, population density – 80 p/km2)



Currency: hryvnia (letter code UAH, digital code 980)


Time zone:GMT+2 (UTC+2)


Internet top-level domain: ua


International phone code: 380


The territory of Ukraine extends 900 km from north to south and 1,300 km

from east to west. The total area is 603,700 Ukraine borders

Belarus 891 km, Hungary 103 km, Moldova 939 km, Poland 526 km, Romania

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