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НазваHigher education in Great Britain (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Higher education in Great Britain


When higher education of Great Britain is being spoken about the

University education is generally meant. But in fact there is a

considerable amount of past-school education, including part-time as

well as full-time studies carried on in technical colleges teacher

training colleges, art colleges, institutes of adult education and so



Higher education, consisting of degree and equivalent courses, has

experienced a dramatic expansion. The number of higher education

students in Britain almost doubled between 1979 and 1993 to 1.5 million,

so that today around 30 percent of young people enter full-time higher



There are some 90 universities, which enjoy academic freedom. Every

University is autonomous and responsible to its governing body. The

regulations differ from University to University. While there are

similarities between them, they all differ from Oxford and Cambridge,

where are a number of separate colleges, each with their own regulations

and courses of studies. The new, so-called ”red-brick” Universities are

divided into various faculties: Faculty of Arts, Faculty of Science,

Faculty of Social and Economic Studies, etc.


University degree courses are generally being taken for three, four or

even five years. University teaching combines lectures practical classes

and small group teaching in either seminars or tutorials. The last is a

traditional feature of the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge.


First degree courses are mainly full time and usually last three years,

with longer courses in subjects such as medicine. Universities offer

courses in a broad range of academic and vocational subjects, including

traditional arts subjects, the humanities, and science and technology.

The government encourages young people to choose degree courses in

subjects, or combinations of subjects, that provide the knowledge and

skills required by a technologically advanced economy .


Over 95 percent of students on first degree and comparable higher

education courses receive government grants covering tuition and

accommodation and other maintenance expenses. Parents also contribute,

the amount depending on their income. In addition, students can take out

loans to help pay their maintenance costs.




1. post-school education – освіта, одержана після закінчення школи


2. in fact – фактично, насправді


3. part-time studies – навчання без відриву від виробництва


4. full-time studies – навчання з відривом від виробництва


5. as well as – також, як і


6. to enjoy academic freedom – мати (користуватись) навчальну свободу


7. to responsible to – бути відповідальним перед


8. to take a course – вивчати курс


9. a broad range of academic and vocational subjects – широкий вибір

навчальних та професійних предметів


10. humanities – гуманітарні предмети


11. teacher training college – педагогічні інститути


12. to carry on – продовжується, здійснюється


13. to provide knowledge – забезпечувати знання

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