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My Speciality

 

I study at the Accounting Economic Department of the State Tax Service

Academy of Ukraine . This Department is one of the oldest departments of

our Institute. It trains highly qualified, specialist with deep

knowledge, in economics, organisation and management of production,

accountancy, the analysis of economic activity, etc.

 

A part from the Accounting Economic Department there is the Finance

Economic Department. It is not so old as the Accounting Economic

Department, but it is the longest as to the number of students, studying

there. My friends studies there.

 

We study general and special subjects. Among the special subjects, the

following may be named: Accountancy, Statistics, Management, Marketing,

Finance, Budget, etc.

 

What is Accounting? Accounting is the process of identifying,

collecting, measuring and reporting information on business activity.

Thus, it is possible to speak about three functions of accounting:

 

1) reporting on past operations of the enterprise, company, firm, etc.;

 

2) revealing the extent to which past activities deviated from budgeted

plans;

 

3) planning and budgeting future activities of the enterprise, company,

firm, etc.

 

What is Finance? Finance is the function in a business that is

responsible for acquiring funds for the firm and managing funds within

the firm (for example, preparing budgets, doing cash flow analyses) and

planning for the expenditures of funds on such assets as plant,

equipment and machinery. Most organisations have a manager in charge of

financial operations. His duties are: planning, budgeting, obtaining

funds, controlling funds (funds management), collecting funds (credit

management), auditing, managing taxes and advising top management on

financial matters.

 

Can you see the link between accounting and finance?

 

They are mutually supportive functions in a firm. A firm cannot get

along without accounting but neither, can it prosper without short- and

long-term financing, managing its funds well, minimising its taxes, and

investing, its funds properly.

 

The tasks of all the economists are to use the new economic activity

effectively, as well as new economic levers and stimuli.

 

The subjects studied orient the future specialists to the broad use of

electronic and computational techniques. The graduates of the economic

departments will work at different accounting offices, departments,

banks, ministries, etc.

 

Comments

 

specialist – висококваліфікований спеціаліст

 

2. management of production – керівництво виробництвом

 

3. accountancy – облік

 

4. to identify information – ототожнювати інформацію

 

5. to measure information – вивіряти інформацію

 

6. to report information – звітувати

 

7. to reveal the extent – виявити розмір

 

8. to deviate – відхилятися

 

9. to be responsible for – бути відповідальним

 

10. to acquire funds – придбати фонди

 

11. cash flow analyses – аналіз потоку готівки

 

12. expenditures – витрати

 

13. assets – активи

 

14. to be in charge of – бути відповідальним за

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