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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваUS Economy (реферат)
Авторdimich
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
Продивилось1528
Скачало344
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US Economy

 

The United States is rich in natural resources the main being iron ore,

coal and oil. The nation produces more than 100 million tons of iron a

year. Four fifths of the ore mined in the USA comes from the Great Lakes

region. Though a great deal of the ore has been used up, it resources

have not been exhausted, most of the coal mined in the USA is used by

power plants to produce electricity. Coal is also used in the chemical

industry for the manufacture of plastics and other synthetics. The

production, processing and marketing of such oil products as petrol

(called “gasoline” or “gas” in the USA) make up one of America’s largest

industries. The basic metals and minerals mined in the United States are

zinc, copper and silver.

 

There are two branches of agriculture in the United States. They are

crop production and animal husbandry. Some of the main crops grown in

the USA are wheat, maize, cotton, tobacco and fruit. Cattle breeding and

pig raising make up an important branch of America’s agriculture.

 

To make the farmer’s work more productive scientific methods of farming

are employed and modern technique of freezing, canning and packaging

farm products is used.

 

The United States is a highly industrialized country with various

branches of heavy industry prevailing, namely the mining, metallurgical

, automobile and chemical industries as well as engineering. Many

branches of light industry are also developed, among them are the

textile, clothing, food and wood-working industries.

 

A great deal of attention in American industry is devoted to research

and emphasis is made on the use of labour saving machines, in the past

few years the number of workers has increased only a few per cent, while

the number of scientists and engineers in the plants has almost doubled.

 

 

Mechanization and automation do away with thousands of office jobs,

intensify production and increase labour productivity. But they also

bring about a further growth of unemployment.

 

New industries are created as new discoveries are made in physics ,

chemistry and other sciences. Atomic energy, for example, has created a

wide range of new industries. Electronics has become a major industry .

Great emphasis is being made on the war industry.

 

American industry is distributed unevenly. Most of the industrial

enterprises are located in the eastern part of the country. But industry

is spreading out as there is a tendency to build factories far removed

from the home plant and closer to natural resources and markets. Good

transportation facilities and rapid communication systems make it

possible for factories.

 

The leading US exports are industrial machinery, electronics equipment,

textiles, iron, coal, oil products and chemicals, grain and other farm

products.

 

Comments

 

1. to mine coal ( ore etc.) – видобувати вугілля (руду тощо)

 

2. to exhaust smth. – виснажувати, вичерпувати щось

 

3. power plant – електростанція

 

4. to process smth. – обробляти щось

 

5. to employ smth. – використовувати, застосовувати

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