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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваWe study a foreign language (реферат)
Авторdimich
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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We study a foreign language

 

The students of our Institute study one of four foreign languages. I

studied English at school so I’m going to perfect it at the Institute.

But my friend Galina studies German, and Natasha studies French.

 

The total number of languages in the world is about 5000. The most

widespread languages are Chinese, English, Spanish, Russian and others.

These languages are alive, i.e. they are in use. In addition to these,

there are ”dead” languages which are no more means of communication.

There are old Greek, Latin, Old Slavonic. There is also a number of

artificial or universal or world languages. The world-known artificial

language is Esperanto. There are also programming languages that are

used in computers. These are specialized languages.

 

English is one of the richest languages and spoken practically all over

the world. But the language itself has a long history of development.

 

The ancient inhabitants of Great Britain were the Celts. The language

then was not like the English of today. Only a few their words remained

in the language now, spoken by the English people. Then G.B. was

occupied by the Romans. The Roman period of British history lasted 465

years. The Romans brought a few Roman words into the English: Street,

Lincoln, Doncaster and some other names. Then the Saxons came and

settled down in the land they conquered. These Germans were the founders

of the English nation. By and by came other Germanic tribes who settled

on different parts of the coast. Among these tribes were people called

the Angles. When the Angles and Saxons grew into one, they were called

Anglo-Saxons or Angles (English). The general name they gave to the

country in which they had settled was England. The Saxons as well as the

Angles called their speech English.

 

The Normanns came then. Though the Normanns became the masters of

England and the Saxon became their servants, the Saxons didn’t want to

speak their language and the Normanns had to learn English to make the

English people understand their orders. In this way Anglo-Saxons’

changed a little by the Normanns became real English language of the

future, and that’s why the pronunciation of English words differs so

much from their spelling.

 

Now English is the mother tongue throughout the continent of North

America (the USA and Canada) in the British Isles, South Africa,

Australia and New Zealand.

 

For a long time English was the most important of the languages of the

colonial countries in Africa, Asia, Australia and Oceania. English was

imposed of the enslaved nations as the only means of communication. With

the growth of national liberation movement most of the former British

colonies have gained their independence. With the end of the British

Empire, English, however, has not lost it’s dominant position in the

former colonies.

 

English is also the international language of commerce. It is one of

five languages used in the United Nations Organisation. English is

studied as a foreign language in our secondary and higher schools. I am

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