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НазваIsaac Newton (реферат)
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Isaac Newton

 

One of the world's greatest scientists, Isaac Newton,

formulated the law of gravity, discovered why the prism breaks up

sunlight into colours and invented the reflecting telescope. It was he

who said that light is a combination of rays different in size and

colour, and that white light is a mixture of all these.

 

It is interesting to note that the great English scientist was born in

the same year when another great scientist, Galileo, died. His parents

had a small farm in Lincolnshire. It was a very lonely place where there

were no schools. At the age of twelve Isaac was sent to the small town

of Grantham to attend Grammar school. At first he didn't take a great

interest in his lessons at school and very often was one of the worst

pupils in his class. But one day, on his way to school, his schoolmate

gave him a kick in the stomach. So Newton had to fight with his

offender. Newton won but was not satisfied with his physical victory and

decided to study better than his opponent. He began to work hard at his

lessons and soon became one of the best pupils at school.

 

Newton never joined the games of his classmates, but spent a lot of time

constructing models. He made an excellent working model of a windmill

which was not far from his school. Among other things that he made was a

water clock. Newton's clock became very popular, and his neighbours

often came to see what time it was.

 

Newton showed his schoolmates how to make paper kites. He also made

paper lanterns to hold candles. Knowing that his neighbours were afraid

of comets, Newton tied one of his lanterns to the tail of a kite and

flew the kite up into the air on a dark winter night. His neighbours

were greatly frightened.

 

When Isaac was fourteen, bis mother insisted on his returning home for

working on the farm. But he was a bad worker. He preferred reading books

to any kind of work. When his mother sent him to the fields to watch the

sheep, he used to sit down under a tree with a book or make a model of

something paying no attention to the wandering sheep. On each market day

Isaac had to go to Grantham with his old servant. But it was very

difficult for the servant to teach Isaac something about marketing

because very often he couldn't even make him reach the town. The servant

had to leave the boy under a tree by the road with some book, and

returning home he found Isaac still reading the book.

 

Having realized the strong wish of her son to study, Isaac's mother sent

him to Grantham again to be prepared for college. And at the age of

eighteen Newton entered Cambridge University where he became one of the

best students.

 

Young Isaac Newton was dozing peacefully under an apple tree in his

garden. The sun was shining and the grass was like an expensive green

carpet under his feet. How pleasant it was to forget the terrible plague

that had ravaged London. The University was closed. The young student

was half asleep. Suddenly a ripe red apple fell down on his head. He

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