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НазваThomas Alva Edison (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Реферат на тему:

Thomas Alva Edison

Thomas Alva Edison (  HYPERLINK
"" \o "February 11"  February 11
,   HYPERLINK "" \o "1847"  1847  –  
HYPERLINK "" \o "October 18" 
October 18 ,   HYPERLINK "" \o "1931" 
1931 ) was an   HYPERLINK ""
\o "United States"  American    HYPERLINK
"" \o "Inventor"  inventor  and  
HYPERLINK "" \o "Businessman" 
businessman  who developed many devices which greatly influenced life
around the world. Dubbed "The Wizard of   HYPERLINK
"" \o "Edison, New
Jersey"  Menlo Park " by a newspaper reporter, he was one of the first
inventors to apply the principles of   HYPERLINK
"" \o "Mass production" 
mass production  to the process of   HYPERLINK
"" \o "Invention"  invention , and
therefore is often credited with the creation of the first industrial
research   HYPERLINK "" \o
"Laboratory"  laboratory .


Some of his inventions were not completely original but amounted to
improvements of earlier inventions. Also, many of the inventions
attributed to him were actually created by one or more of the numerous
employees working under his direction. Nevertheless, Edison is
considered one of the most prolific inventors in history, holding  
HYPERLINK "" \o "List
of Edison patents"  1,097  U.S.   HYPERLINK
"" \o "Patent"  patents  in his name,
as well as many patents in the   HYPERLINK
"" \o "United Kingdom" 
United Kingdom ,   HYPERLINK "" \o
"France"  France  and   HYPERLINK ""
\o "Germany"  Germany .

Thomas Edison was born in   HYPERLINK
"" \o "Milan, Ohio"  Milan,
Ohio , the seventh and last child of Samuel Ogden Edison, Jr.
(1804–1896) (born in Marshalltown, Nova Scotia, Canada) and the former
Nancy Matthews Elliott (1810–1871). His family was of   HYPERLINK
"" \o "Netherlands"  Dutch 
origin.  HYPERLINK "" \l
"_note-Baldwin#_note-Baldwin" \o ""  [1] 

In school, the young Edison's mind often wandered and his teacher the
Reverend Engle was overheard calling him "addled." This ended Edison's
three months of official schooling. He recalled later, "My mother was
the making of me. She was so true, so sure of me; and I felt I had
something to live for, someone I must not disappoint." His mother then  
"Homeschooling"  home schooled  him.  HYPERLINK
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