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НазваCulture in Great Britain (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Culture in Great Britain


It you're staying in London for a few days, you'll have no difficulty

whatever in finding somewhere to spend an enjoyable evening. You'll find

opera, ballet, comedy, drama, review, musical comedy and variety. Most

theatres and music-halls have good orchestras with popular conductors.

At the West-End theatres you can see most of the famous English actors

and actresses. As a rule, the plays are magnificently staged - costumes,

dresses, scenery, everything being done on the most lavish scale.


The last half of the XVI and the beginning of the XVII centuries are

known as the golden age of English literature, It was the time of the

English Renaissance, and sometimes it is even called "the age of



Shakespeare, the greatest and most famous of English writers, and

probably the greatest playwright who has ever lived, was born in

Stratford-on-Avon. In spite of his fame we know very little about his

life. He wrote 37 plays. Among them there are deep tragedies, such as

Hamlet, King Lear, Othello, Macbeth, light comedies, such as The Merry

Wives of Windsor, All's Well That Ends Well, Twelfth Night, Much Ado

About Nothing.


English culture tends to dominate the formal cultural life of the United

Kingdom, but Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland have also made

important contributions, as have the cultures that British colonialism

brought into contact with the homeland. Scotland, Wales, and Northern

Ireland share fully in the common culture but also preserve lively

traditions that predate political union with England.


Widespread changes in the United Kingdom's cultural life occurred after

1945. The most remarkable was perhaps the emergence first of Liverpool

and then of London in the 1960s as a world centre of popular culture.

The Beatles were only the first and best-known of the many British rock

groups to win a world following. British clothing designers for a time

led the world as innovators of new styles of dress for both men and

women, and the brightly coloured outfits sold in London's Carnaby Street

and King's Road shops briefly became more symbolic of Britain than the

traditionally staid tailoring of Savile Row.


Underlying both this development and a similar if less-remarked renewal

of vigour in more traditional fields were several important social

developments in the decades after World War II. Most evident was the

rising standard of education. The number of pupils going on to higher

education increased dramatically after World War II and was matched by a

major expansion in the number of universities and other institutions of

higher education. In society in general there was a marked increase in

leisure. Furthermore, immigration, particularly from the West Indies and

South Asia, introduced new cultural currents to the United Kingdom and

contributed to innovation in music, film, literature, and other arts.


The United Kingdom's cultural traditions are reflective of the country's

heterogeneity and its central importance in world affairs over the past

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