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НазваThe American National character (реферат)
АвторPetya
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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РЕФЕРАТ

 

на тему:

 

The American National character

 

ПЛАН

 

Introduction

 

1. The basic features of the American culture

 

а) American national character in popular culture

 

б) Character of the peasants

 

2. The interesting parties of the American character

 

а) American Sexual Character

 

б) The other features of character

 

Conclusions

 

Literature

 

Introduction

 

American society seems to be much more informal than the British and, in

some ways, is characterized by less social distinction. Students do not

rise when a teacher enters the room. One does not always address a

person by his title, such as "Major" or "General" or "Doctor" in the

case of a holder of a Doctor of Philosophy degree. The respectful "Sir"

is not always used in the northern and western parts of the country.

 

However, it is best to use a person's title when first meeting him/her,

and then allow the person to tell you how he/she wishes to be called.

 

They use first names when calling each other, slap on the back, joke and

are much freer in their speech, which is more slangy than the

conventional British English. You will often hear the word "Hi" (a form

of greeting among friends) used instead of the usual "Hello," and

"Howdy" instead of "How do you do?"

 

Those who don't easily show these signs of friendship are called

"snooty" or "snobbish." In contrast, people who show such simple signs

of friendship, particularly to their own economic and social inferiors,

are praised as "regular guys," or as "truly democratic." As a

description of character, democratic is generally used to signify that a

person of high social or economic status acts in such a way that his or

her inferiors are not reminded of their inferiority.

 

Yet, in spite of all the informality, Americans, even in the way they

address each other, show consciousness of social distinction. For

example, one is likely to use somewhat more formal language when talking

to superiors. While the informal "Hello" is an acceptable greeting from

employee to employer, the employee is more apt to say "Hello, Mr.

Ferguson," while the employer may reply "Hello, Jim." Southerners make a

point of saying "Yes, sir," or "Yes, Ma'am," or "No, sir," or "No,

Ma'am," when talking to an older person or a person in a position of

authority. While this is good form all over the United Stales, "Yes. Mr.

Weston" or "No, Mrs. Baker" is somewhat more common in a similar

situation in the North or West.

 

1. The basic features of the American culture

 

а) American national character in popular culture

 

"The culture of the United States is a Western culture, and has been

developing since long before the United States became a country. Its

chief early influence was British culture, due to colonial ties with the

British that spread the English language, legal system and other

cultural inheritances. Other important influences came from other parts

of Europe, especially countries from which large numbers immigrated such

as Ireland, Germany, Poland, and Italy; the Native American peoples;

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