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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваHarper Lee (born 1927) (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Реферат на тему:


Harper Lee (born 1927)



Harper Lee ' was born at Monroeville, Alabama, in 1927. She attended

the local public schools end the University of Alabama, where she

studied law. For the past several years she has lived in New York.


To Kill a Mockingbird («Убити пересмішника»), I960, is the first novel

of Harper Lee that brought her fame not only in her own country, the

USA, but abroad as well. The action of the novel takes place in the late

thirties, in Alabama. The title of the novel is symbolic. In many a

Southern state the mockingbird, a merry songbird, symbolizes innocence

and its killing is considered a sin and a moral crime.




The story is told by Jean Louise Finch who remembers her childhood when

she lived with her father Atticus Finch, who was the lawyer, her elder

brother Jem and the Negro cook Calpurnia. Jean Louise was a very clever

little girl, kind and active.


I had to start to school in a week. I never waited more for anything in

my life. Jem took me to school the first day. When we were walking Jem

told me that during school hours I had to be with the first grade and he

would be with the fifth. In short I had to leave him alone. "We will do

like we always do at home," he said, "but you'll see — school's



And it was different. Miss Caroline Fisher, our teacher, was no more

than twenty-one. She began the day by reading us a story about cats.

'The cats had long conversations with one another, they lived in a warm

house under a kitchen floor. Miss Caroline came to the end of the story

and said, "Wasn't that nice?"


Ї read the alphabet and she made me read most of my First Reader. Then

she told me to tell my father not to teach me any more. "He hasn't

taught me anything, Miss Caroline. Atticus hasn't got time to teach me

anything," I said.


"Everybody who goes home to lunch hold up your hands," said Miss

Caroline. The town children did so, and she looked us over.


"Everybody who brings his lunch put it on the desk." Miss Caroline

walked up to Walter Cunningham's desk. "Where is your lunch?" she asked.

"Did you forget it this morning?" Saying that, Miss Caroline went to her

desk. "Here is some money," she said to Walter. "Go and eat in town

today. You can pay meback tomorrow." Walter shook his head.


"No, thank you ma'am '."


"Here Walter, come get it."


Walter shook his head again. I wanted to help him.


"Miss Caroline, he's one of the Cunninghams," I said.


"What, Jean Louise?"


We all understood it. He didn't forget his lunch, he just didn't have

any. He had none today, nor would he have any tomorrow or the next day.


"You'll get to know 3 all the country folk after a while. The

Cunninghams never took anything they can't pay back, they live on what

they have. They don't have much, but they live on it. Walter hasn't got

money to bring you."


"Jean Louise, I've had enough of you this morning," said Miss Caroline.

"You're starting off on the wrong foot in every way 4, my dear," and she

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