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РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
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Іноземна мова

 

Ukraine

 

Ukraine is one of the largest countries of Eastern Europe.

 

Ukraine occupies an area of 603,700 square kilometres. Its territory

stretches for 893 kilometres from north to south and for 1,316

kilometres from east to west.

 

It has state borders with Russia, Belarus and Moldova. It also borders

on Poland, Czehia, Slovakia, Hungary and Romania. In the south it is

washed by the Black and the Azov Seas.

 

The major part of Ukraine is flat and only 5 % of it is mountainous. The

two mountainous areas in Ukraine are the Carpathians and the Crimean

Mountains.

 

The geographical position of Ukraine is very favourable because the

country lies on the crossroads of the ways from Asia to Europe.

 

Ukraine has deposits of iron, manganese, coal, natural gas, oil and

other mineral resources. The main branches of industry are: coal and ore

mining, iron and steel engineering, machine and ship building.

 

Besides, Ukraine has always been an agrarian country. Traditionally

crop-growing and cattle-breeding are being developed.

 

Geographical Position of Ukraine

 

Ukraine is situated in the south-east of Europe.

 

The territory of Ukraine is 603,700 square kilometres. The territory of

Ukraine is mostly flat. There are the Carpathian Mountains in the west

and the Crimean Mountains in the south, but they are not high.

 

It borders on Russia, Belarus, Moldova, Czehia, Slovakia, Hungary,

Poland and Romania.

 

The main rivers are the Dnieper, the Dniester, the Bug, the Donets and

others. The Dnieper is one of the longest European rivers and one of the

main sources of hydroelectric power in the country.

 

The coasts of the Azov Sea and the Black Sea are good for ports. We have

quite a lot of big sea ports, for example, Odesa, Kherson, Mykolaiv,

Izmail, Mariupol and Kerch.

 

The geographical position of Ukraine is very favourable because the

country lies on the crossroads of the ways from Asia to Europe. Since

the times of Kyivan Rus Ukrainian roads have been used for trade

contacts.

 

Due to favourable climatic conditions, Ukraine is traditionally an

agricultural country. Wheat, maize and other corns, vegetables, all

kinds of fruit are grown here.

 

The country is rich in natural resources, such as iron ore, coal,

non-ferrous metals, oil, gas. It has developed a varied industry,

concentrated mostly in and around big cities, such as Kyiv, Zaporizhia,

Dnipropetrovsk, Odesa, Kharkiv, Lviv, Mykolaiv and others.

 

Ukraine produces planes and ships, lorries and buses, electronic

equipment and agricultural machines, TV and radio-sets and other goods.

 

Climate of Ukraine

 

Ukraine occupies the territory that is situated in the eastern part of

Europe.

 

There are the Carpathian Mountains in the west and the Crimean Mountains

in the south. Ukrainian territory is washed by the Azov Sea and the

Black Sea. These factors influence the climate of Ukraine. It is mostly

moderately continental.

 

23-26 °С in the Crimea. The winter temperature in the Crimea is about 3

degrees above zero as the Crimean Mountains stop cold winds from the

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