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НазваWood carving in Ukraine (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
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Тип документуРеферат
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Wood carving in Ukraine



Wood carving in Ukraine has become one of the most exquisite and

perfect forms of artistic wood working.


Judging from several preserved items, some purely folk motives

could be observed even in woodcarving of the Princely period. After a

long period of stagnation during the time of Tatar invasion a new

upraise of that art started from the XVI century. During the golden age

of the Cossack State in the XVII - XVIII century folk woodcarving in

Ukraine reached its peak. HYPERLINK

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"_blank" Door casings , HYPERLINK

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"_blank" door jabs , HYPERLINK

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"_blank" eaves of wooden buildings HYPERLINK

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"_blank" wooden household articles , furniture and house outfit,


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"_blank" chests , HYPERLINK

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"_blank" wooden utensils , implements, HYPERLINK

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"_blank" weapons and military equipment were decorated with

woodcarving. Woodcarving of church HYPERLINK

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"_blank" iconostases and other items of religious use achieved

extremely gorgeous decorative perfection. The basis of those

polychromatic or gilded carvings made in the Baroque style was a

succulent and intricate HYPERLINK

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"_blank" floral ornament , which consisted of skillfully stylized folk

motives: HYPERLINK

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"_blank" vine , sunflowers, mallows, roses etc. those compositions

perfectly matched architectural elements of iconostases, which usually

were many-tiered. Those artistically and technically brilliant

woodcarvings acquired even more grandiosity and portliness in the period

of Rococo. The Baroque and Rococo ornamental forms and motives very

often were combined with figures of saints, angels, etc.


The period of classicism and Empire style did not displace the Baroque

and Rococo motives, but gave the carving more concentration and calm.


Hand and altar HYPERLINK

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"_blank" crosses , HYPERLINK

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"_blank" pateras , candlesticks, church-chandeliers, lecterns, kiots,

grave and roadside crosses etc. are very interesting examples of folk



Unfortunately, in Soviet Ukraine the greater part of those brilliant

examples of folk woodcarving of a world significance were plundered and

destroyed by Russian Bolsheviks in the 1920th-30th and for that reason

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