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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваThe importance of listening (курсова робота)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуКурсова
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Курсова робота


The importance of listening




I. Introduction.


II. The main part:


1. Tapescript.


2. Transcription.


3. Exercises.


III. Vocabulary work: synonyms, antonyms, word families.


IV. Conclusion.


The importance of listening


Begin by establishing the importance of listening:


- We cannot develop speaking skills unless we also develop listening

skills; to have a successful conversation. Students must understand what

is said to them. Later, the ability to understand spoken English may

become very important (for listening to the radio, understanding foreign

visitors, studying, etc.). To develop this ability, students need plenty

of practice in listening to English spoken at normal speed.


- Listening to spoken English is an important way of acquiring the

language – of ‘picking up’ structures and vocabulary. In a situation

where learners are living in a country where English is the first

language, they plenty of ‘exposure’ to the language – they hear it all

the time, and can acquire it more easily than learners who do not hear

English spoken around them. So it need to give these learners as much

apportunity to listen to spoken English as possible.


In class, we are usually concerned with ‘Focussed’ listening: we listen

for a particular purpose, to find out information we need to know.

Examples of this kind of listening are: listening to a piece of

important news on the radio; listening to someone explaining how to

operate a machine. In these situations, we listen much more closely; but

we do not listen to everything we hear with equal concentration – we

listen for the most important points or for particular information.

Usually, we know beforehand what we are listening for (the things we

want to know), and this helps us to listen.


The debate about the use of authentic listening material is just as

fierce in listening material is just as fierce in listening as it is in

reading. If, for example, we play a tape of a political speech to

complete beginners, they won’t understand a word. You could argue that

such a tape would at least give them a feel for the sound of the

language, but beyond that it is difficult to see what they would get out

of it. If, on the other hand, we give them a realistic (though not

authentic) tape of a telephone conversation, they may learn much more

about the language – and start to gain confidence as a result.


Everything depends on level, and the kind of tasks that go with a tape.

There may well be some authentic material which is usable by beginners

such as pre-recorded announcements, telephone messages etc. More

difficult material may be appropriate for elementary students provided

that the questions they are asked do not demand detailed understanding.

Advanced students may benefit from scripted material provided that it is

interesting and subtle enough – and provided the tasks that go with it

are appropriate for their level.


Since, as it was said, listening to tapes is a way of bringing

different. Kinds of speaking into the classroom, it is wanted to play

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