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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваLewis Carroll (Льюіс Керол) (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
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Lewis Carroll (Льюіс Керол)



Pseudonym Lewis Carroll


Born 27 January 1832Daresbury, Cheshire, England


Died 14 January 1898 (aged 65)Guildford, Surrey, England


Occupation Author, Mathematician, Anglican Clergyman, Photographer,



Nationality British


Genres Children's literature, Fantasy literature, Poetry


Notable work(s) Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, Through the

Looking-Glass, "The Hunting of the Snark", "Jabberwocky"


The Reverend Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (IPA: /?d?ds?n/) (27 January 1832

– 14 January 1898), better known by the pen name Lewis Carroll

(/?kaer?l/), was an English author, mathematician, logician, Anglican

clergyman and photographer.


His most famous writings are Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and its

sequel Through the Looking-Glass as well as the poems "The Hunting of

the Snark" and "Jabberwocky", all considered to be within the genre of

literary nonsense.


His facility at word play, logic, and fantasy has delighted audiences

ranging from children to the literary elite, and beyond this his work

has become embedded deeply in modern culture, directly influencing many



There are societies dedicated to the enjoyment and promotion of his

works and the investigation of his life in many parts of the world

including North America, Japan, the United Kingdom, and New Zealand.


Early life





Dodgson's family was predominantly northern English, with Irish

connections. Conservative and High Church Anglican, most of Dodgson's

ancestors were army officers or Church of England clergymen. His

great-grandfather, also Charles Dodgson, had risen through the ranks of

the church to become a preacher. His grandfather, another Charles, had

been an army captain, killed in action in 1803 when his two sons were

hardly more than babies.


The elder of these sons — yet another Charles — was Carroll's father. He

reverted to the other family business and took holy orders. He went to

Rugby School, and thence to Christ Church, Oxford. He was mathematically

gifted and won a double first degree, which could have been the prelude

to a brilliant academic career. Instead he married his first cousin in

1827 and retired into obscurity as a country parson [1] Young Charles'

father was an active and highly conservative clergyman of the Anglican

church who involved himself, sometimes influentially, in the intense

religious disputes that were dividing the Anglican church. He was High

Church, inclining to Anglo-Catholicism, an admirer of Newman and the

Tractarian movement, and he did his best to instill such views in his

children. Young Charles, however, was to develop an ambiguous

relationship with his father's values and with the Anglican church as a




Young Charles


Dodgson was born in the little parsonage of Daresbury in Cheshire, the

oldest boy but already the third child of the four-and-a-half year old

marriage. Eight more were to follow and, remarkably for the time, all of

them — seven girls and four boys (including Edwin H. Dodgson) — survived

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