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: 2016-12-30
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Colorado ()
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Flag of Colorado




Nickname(s): The Centennial State


Motto(s): Nil sine numine


"Nothing without Providence"'




Official language(s) English


Demonym Coloradan


Capital Denver


Largest city Denver


Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area


Area Ranked 8th in the US


- Total 104,185sqmi


(269,837 km?)


- Width 280miles(451 km)


- Length 380miles(612 km)


-% water 0.36%


- Latitude 37N to 41N


- Longitude 10203'W to 10903'W


Population Ranked 22nd in the US


- Total 4,861,515 (2007 est.)[1]


- Density 41.5/sqmi (16.01/km?)


Ranked 37th in the US


- Median income $51,022 (10th)




- Highest point Mount Elbert[2][3] 14,440ft (4401 m)


- Mean 6,800ft (2073 m)


- Lowest point Arikaree River[2]


3,315ft (1010 m)


Admission to Union 1876-08-01 (38th)


Governor Bill Ritter (D)


Lieutenant Governor Barbara O'Brien (D)


U.S. Senators 2 - Wayne Allard (R)


The State of Colorado (pronounced /k?l??raedo?/ or, chiefly by

nonresidents, /k?l??r??do?/(helpinfo))[4] is a state located in the

Rocky Mountain region of the United States of America. Colorado may also

be considered to be a part of the Western and Southwestern regions of

the United States. The United States Census Bureau estimates that the

state population was 4,861,515 in 2007, a 13.03% increase since the U.S.

Census 2000.[5] Denver is the capital as well as the most populous city

of Colorado. Citizens of Colorado are known as Coloradans.




The State of Colorado is defined as the geoellipsoidal rectangle that

stretches from 37N to 41N latitude and from 10203'W to 10903'W

longitude (25W to 32W from the Washington Meridian).[6] Colorado,

Wyoming, and Utah are the only three U.S. states that have only lines of

latitude and longitude for boundaries and that have no natural borders.

When government surveyors established the border markers for the

Territory of Colorado, minor surveying errors created several small

kinks along the borders, most notably along the border with the

Territory of Utah. The surveyors' benchmarks, once agreed upon by the

interested parties, became the legal boundaries for the Colorado



The summit of Mount Elbert at 14,440feet (4,401m) elevation in Lake

County is the state's highest point and the highest point in the entire

Rocky Mountains.[2][3] Colorado has more than 50 mountain peaks that

exceed 4,000meters (13,123ft) elevation. Colorado is the only U.S.

state that lies entirely above 1,000meters (3,281ft) elevation. The

point where the Arikaree River flows out of Yuma County, Colorado, and

into Cheyenne County, Kansas, is the lowest point in the State of

Colorado at 3,315feet (1,010m) elevation. This crossing point holds

the distinction of being the highest low point of any U.S. state.[8][2]


Nearly half of the state is flat in stark contrast to Colorado's rugged

Rocky Mountains. East of the Southern Rocky Mountains are the Colorado

Eastern Plains of the High Plains, the section of the Great Plains

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