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НазваPublic holydays in Great Britain
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Public holydays in Great Britain


There are only six public holidays a year in Great Britain, that is

days on which people need not go in to work. They are: Christmas Day,

Boxing Day, Good Friday, Easter Monday, Spring Bank Holiday and Late

Summer Bank Holiday.


In Scotland, the New Year's Day is also a public holiday. Most of these

holidays are of religious origin, though it would be right to say that

for the greater part of the population they have long lost their

religious significance and simply days on which people relax, eat, drink

and make merry.


All the public holidays, except Christmas Day and Boxing Day observed on

December 25th and 26th respectively, are movable, that is they do not

fall on the same day each year. Good Friday and Easter Monday depend on

Easter Sunday which falls on the first Sunday after a full moon on or

after March 21st. The Spring Bank Holiday falls on the last Monday of

May or on the first Monday of June, while the Late Summer Bank Holiday

comes on the last Monday in August or on the first Monday in September,

depending on which of the Mondays is nearer to June 1st and September

1st respectively.


Besides public holidays, there are other holidays, anniversaries and

simply days, for example Pancake Day and Bonfire Night, on which certain

traditions are observed, but unless they fall on a Sunday, they are

ordinary working days.




In England the New Year is not as widely or as enthusiastically observed

as Christmas. Some people ignore it completely and go to bed at the time

as usual on New Year's Eve. Many others, however, do celebrate it in one

way or another, the type of celebration varying much according to the

local custom, family tradition and personal taste.


The most common type of celebration is a New Year party, either a family

party or one arranged by a group of young people. This usually begins at

about eight o'clock and goes on until the early hours of the morning.

There is a lot of drinking, mainly beer, wine, gin and whisky; sometimes

the hosts make a big bowl of punch which consists of wine, spirits,

fruits juice and water in varying proportions. There is usually a buffet

supper of cold meat, pies, sandwiches, savouries (a lovely dish of light

food with a pleasant, served at the start or end of a meal), cakes and

biscuits. At midnight the wireless is turned on, so that everyone can

hear the chimes of Big Ben ( you know, it's the bell in the clock tower

of the Houses of Parliament) and on the hour a toast is drunk to the New

Year. Then the party goes on...


Another popular way of celebrating the New Year is to go to a New Year's

dance. Most hotels and dance halls hold a special dance on New Year's

Eve. The hall is decorated, there are several different bands the

atmosphere is very gay.


The most famous celebration is in London round the statue of Eros in

Piccadilly Circus where crowds gather and sing and welcome New Year. In

Trafalgar there is also a big crowd and someone usually falls into the

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