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НазваThe spirit of the Carpathians. Bohorodchany
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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The spirit of the Carpathians. Bohorodchany

In the southwestern part of Ukraine everyone can find the Carpathian
Mountains. They are divided into Gorhany (the highest peak Syvulia is
1,836 m high) and Chornohory (the highest peak Hoverla is 2,061m high).
So, the Ukrainian Carpathians are not very high. But this is a splendid
and unforgettable sight. The rapid waves of the mountain rivers clearly
break over the steep banks. The high hills stretch to the blue sky. A
lot of peaks are covered with snow even in early summer. Aromatic
forests greet you with the cool and heady air of fir trees.

The Carpathians have the summits and gentle slopes. There are many
treeless summits, which are called polonynas. The mountains have mostly
coniferous and deciduous trees. You can find fir, pine, oak, beech,
birch, hornbeam and linden in those places. The wealth of the forests
includes also a variety of berries and a great number of mushrooms and
medicinal herbs.

Among all this beauty many animals live. The animal rife of the
Carpathians is unique. We can find roe-deer, fox, marten, wild boar,
wolf, hare, mink, lynx, badger, stoat, deer, bear which dwell here. Rich
and varied is the world of birds. Black-cock, golden eagle, woodpecker,
stone thrush fondle us their songs and majesty. In spring the plateaus
are abloom with saffron, primrose, mercury, snowdrop, edelweiss.

There are many legends about the springs with the healthy water! The
swift rivers take their sources in the mountains. The Bystrytsia and
Limnytsia, the Svicha and Prut, the Cheremosh and Lukva make the blue
roads through the green forests and yellow valleys.

Wonderful and hard-working people live in this land of beauty called the
Subcarpathian region. They use the nature's gifts in their life but try
to keep its grandeur. According to the way of living, the people are
divided into the inhabitants of towns and villages. But most people live
in the villages. Everyone knows they are hospitable, friendly and

This region has a rich and glorious history. The territory of our land
was settled nearly 100,000 years ago. More than 20 settlements of
Trypillia were found in Precarpathian region in Gorodenka, Kolomyia and
Sniatyn districts. But this land is famous for today's national roots
too. The works of carving, embroidering, weaving, ceramics and engraving
are known all over Ukraine and in many countries of the world. The best
craftsmen make real masterpieces using wood.

If you want to see the old traditions, welcome to Precarpattia. We'll
teach you to dance kolomyika and to sing folk songs and carols, to play
the trembita and to cook real varenyky, kulish and brynza. We'll show
you genuine Ukrainian Hutsul wedding in their original costumes. You
will have a chance to listen to the interesting stories about glorious
past, nowadays life and plans for future of ordinary Ukrainians near the
real vatra. If you like different curious tales we'll tell you true
stories about the unusual inhabitants of ancient castles, about today's
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