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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваTruman Capote (30 September 1924, New Orleans, Louisiana - 25 August 1984, Los Angeles, California)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Truman Capote (30 September 1924, New Orleans, Louisiana - 25 August

1984, Los Angeles, California)


Truman Capote (30 September 1924, New Orleans, Louisiana - 25 August

1984, Los Angeles, California) was an American writer whose stories,

novels, plays and non-fiction are recognized literary classics,

including the novella Breakfast at Tiffany's (1958) and In Cold Blood

(1965), which he labeled a "non-fiction novel." At least 20 films and TV

dramas have been produced from Capote novels, stories and screenplays.


Truman Capote was born Truman Streckfus Persons in New Orleans,

Louisiana, the son of 17-year-old Lillie Mae (nйe Faulk) and Archelaus

Persons, who was a salesman.[1] When he was four, his parents divorced,

and he was sent to Monroeville, Alabama, where he was raised by his

mother's relatives. He formed a fast bond with his mother's distant

relative, Nanny Rumbley Faulk, whom Truman called 'Sook'. "Her face is

remarkable—not unlike Lincoln's, craggy like that, and tinted by sun and

wind," is how Capote described Sook in "A Christmas Memory." In

Monroeville, he was a neighbor and friend of Harper Lee, who grew up to

write To Kill a Mockingbird.


As a lonely child, Capote taught himself to read and write before he

entered the first grade in school.[2] Capote was often seen at age five

carrying his dictionary and notepad, and he began writing when he was

ten. [3] At this time, he was given the nickname Bulldog,[4] possibly a

pun reference of "Bulldog Truman" to the fictional detective Bulldog

Drummond popular in films of the mid-1930s.


On Saturdays, he made trips from Monroeville to Mobile, and when he was

ten, he submitted his short story, "Old Mr. Busybody," to a children's

writing contest sponsored by the Mobile Press Register.


In 1933, he moved to New York City to live with his mother and her

second husband, Joseph Capote, a Cuban-born textile broker, who adopted

his stepson and renamed him Truman Garcнa Capote. When he was 11, he

began writing seriously in daily three-hour sessions. Of his early days

Capote related, "I began writing really sort of seriously when I was

about eleven. I say seriously in the sense that like other kids go home

and practice the violin or the piano or whatever, I used to go home from

school every day and I would write for about three hours. I was obsessed

by it." In 1935, he attended the Trinity School. He then attended St.

Joseph's military academy. In 1939, the Capotes moved to Greenwich,

Connecticut, and Truman attended Greenwich High School, where he wrote

for both the school's literary journal, The Green Witch, and the school

newspaper. Back in New York in 1942, he graduated from the Dwight

School, an Upper West Side private school where an award is now given

annually in his name.


When he was 17, Capote ended his formal education and began a two-year

job at The New Yorker. Years later, he wrote, "Not a very grand job, for

all it really involved was sorting cartoons and clipping newspapers.

Still, I was fortunate to have it, especially since I was determined

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