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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваColdplay (реферат)
АвторRoman
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Coldplay

 

Coldplay, from left to right: Guy Berryman, Jonny Buckland, Chris

Martin, and Will Champion

 

Background information

 

Origin London, England

 

Genre(s) Alternative rock

 

Years active 1998–present

 

Label(s) Parlophone

 

Capitol

 

EMI

 

Website coldplay.com

 

Members

 

Chris Martin

 

Jonny Buckland

 

Guy Berryman

 

Will Champion

 

 

 

Contents

 

Introduction

 

1 History

 

1.1 Formation and first years (1996–1999)

 

1.2 Parachutes (1999–2001)

 

1.3 A Rush of Blood to the Head (2001–2004)

 

1.4 X&Y (2004–2006)

 

1.5 Viva la Vida or Death and All His Friends (2006–present)

 

2 Musical style

 

3 Activism

 

4 Discography

 

4.1 Studio albums

 

4.2 Live albums

 

5 Awards

 

Sources

 

Introduction

 

Coldplay are a British alternative rock band formed in London, England

in 1998. The group comprises vocalist/keyboardist/guitarist Chris

Martin, lead guitarist Jonny Buckland, bassist Guy Berryman, and

drummer/backing vocalist/multi-instrumentalist Will Champion. Coldplay

have sold 50 million albums, and are also known for their hit singles,

such as "Yellow", "The Scientist", "Clocks", "Speed of Sound", "Fix You"

and "Viva la Vida".

 

Coldplay achieved worldwide fame with the release of their single

"Yellow", followed by their debut album, Parachutes (2000), which was

nominated for the Mercury Prize. Its follow-up, A Rush of Blood to the

Head (2002), won multiple awards such as NME's Album of the Year. Their

next release, X&Y (2005), received a slightly less enthusiastic yet

still generally positive reception. The band's fourth studio album, Viva

la Vida or Death and All His Friends (2008), was produced by Brian Eno

and released again to largely favourable reviews, earning several Grammy

nominations and wins. All of Coldplay's albums have enjoyed commercial

success.

 

Coldplay's early material was compared to acts such as Radiohead, Jeff

Buckley, U2, and Travis. Since the release of Parachutes, Coldplay have

drawn influence from other sources, including Echo and the Bunnymen,

Kate Bush and George Harrison on A Rush of Blood to the Head, Johnny

Cash and Kraftwerk for X&Y and Blur, Arcade Fire and My Bloody Valentine

on Viva la Vida. Coldplay have been an active supporter of various

social and political causes, such as Oxfam's Make Trade Fair campaign

and Amnesty International. The group have also performed at various

charity projects such as Band Aid 20, Live 8, Sound Relief, and the

Teenage Cancer Trust.

 

History

 

Formation and first years (1996–1999)

 

The members of the band met at the University College London (UCL) in

September 1996. Chris Martin and Jonny Buckland were the first members

of the band, having met one another during their orientation week. They

spent the rest of the college year planning a band, with their efforts

culminating in a group called Pectoralz. Later, Guy Berryman, a

classmate of the two, joined. By 1997, the group, who had renamed

themselves to Starfish, performed gigs for local Camden promoters at

small clubs. Martin also had recruited his longtime school friend Phil

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