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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваColdplay (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Coldplay, from left to right: Guy Berryman, Jonny Buckland, Chris

Martin, and Will Champion


Background information


Origin London, England


Genre(s) Alternative rock


Years active 1998–present


Label(s) Parlophone










Chris Martin


Jonny Buckland


Guy Berryman


Will Champion








1 History


1.1 Formation and first years (1996–1999)


1.2 Parachutes (1999–2001)


1.3 A Rush of Blood to the Head (2001–2004)


1.4 X&Y (2004–2006)


1.5 Viva la Vida or Death and All His Friends (2006–present)


2 Musical style


3 Activism


4 Discography


4.1 Studio albums


4.2 Live albums


5 Awards






Coldplay are a British alternative rock band formed in London, England

in 1998. The group comprises vocalist/keyboardist/guitarist Chris

Martin, lead guitarist Jonny Buckland, bassist Guy Berryman, and

drummer/backing vocalist/multi-instrumentalist Will Champion. Coldplay

have sold 50 million albums, and are also known for their hit singles,

such as "Yellow", "The Scientist", "Clocks", "Speed of Sound", "Fix You"

and "Viva la Vida".


Coldplay achieved worldwide fame with the release of their single

"Yellow", followed by their debut album, Parachutes (2000), which was

nominated for the Mercury Prize. Its follow-up, A Rush of Blood to the

Head (2002), won multiple awards such as NME's Album of the Year. Their

next release, X&Y (2005), received a slightly less enthusiastic yet

still generally positive reception. The band's fourth studio album, Viva

la Vida or Death and All His Friends (2008), was produced by Brian Eno

and released again to largely favourable reviews, earning several Grammy

nominations and wins. All of Coldplay's albums have enjoyed commercial



Coldplay's early material was compared to acts such as Radiohead, Jeff

Buckley, U2, and Travis. Since the release of Parachutes, Coldplay have

drawn influence from other sources, including Echo and the Bunnymen,

Kate Bush and George Harrison on A Rush of Blood to the Head, Johnny

Cash and Kraftwerk for X&Y and Blur, Arcade Fire and My Bloody Valentine

on Viva la Vida. Coldplay have been an active supporter of various

social and political causes, such as Oxfam's Make Trade Fair campaign

and Amnesty International. The group have also performed at various

charity projects such as Band Aid 20, Live 8, Sound Relief, and the

Teenage Cancer Trust.




Formation and first years (1996–1999)


The members of the band met at the University College London (UCL) in

September 1996. Chris Martin and Jonny Buckland were the first members

of the band, having met one another during their orientation week. They

spent the rest of the college year planning a band, with their efforts

culminating in a group called Pectoralz. Later, Guy Berryman, a

classmate of the two, joined. By 1997, the group, who had renamed

themselves to Starfish, performed gigs for local Camden promoters at

small clubs. Martin also had recruited his longtime school friend Phil

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