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НазваColdplay (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Coldplay, from left to right: Guy Berryman, Jonny Buckland, Chris
Martin, and Will Champion

Background information

Origin	London, England

Genre(s)	Alternative rock

Years active	1998–present

Label(s)	Parlophone





Chris Martin

Jonny Buckland

Guy Berryman

Will Champion



1 History 

1.1 Formation and first years (1996–1999)

1.2 Parachutes (1999–2001)

1.3 A Rush of Blood to the Head (2001–2004)

1.4 X&Y (2004–2006)

1.5 Viva la Vida or Death and All His Friends (2006–present)

2 Musical style

3 Activism

4 Discography 

4.1 Studio albums

4.2 Live albums

5 Awards



Coldplay are a British alternative rock band formed in London, England
in 1998. The group comprises vocalist/keyboardist/guitarist Chris
Martin, lead guitarist Jonny Buckland, bassist Guy Berryman, and
drummer/backing vocalist/multi-instrumentalist Will Champion. Coldplay
have sold 50 million albums, and are also known for their hit singles,
such as "Yellow", "The Scientist", "Clocks", "Speed of Sound", "Fix You"
and "Viva la Vida".

Coldplay achieved worldwide fame with the release of their single
"Yellow", followed by their debut album, Parachutes (2000), which was
nominated for the Mercury Prize. Its follow-up, A Rush of Blood to the
Head (2002), won multiple awards such as NME's Album of the Year. Their
next release, X&Y (2005), received a slightly less enthusiastic yet
still generally positive reception. The band's fourth studio album, Viva
la Vida or Death and All His Friends (2008), was produced by Brian Eno
and released again to largely favourable reviews, earning several Grammy
nominations and wins. All of Coldplay's albums have enjoyed commercial

Coldplay's early material was compared to acts such as Radiohead, Jeff
Buckley, U2, and Travis. Since the release of Parachutes, Coldplay have
drawn influence from other sources, including Echo and the Bunnymen,
Kate Bush and George Harrison on A Rush of Blood to the Head, Johnny
Cash and Kraftwerk for X&Y and Blur, Arcade Fire and My Bloody Valentine
on Viva la Vida. Coldplay have been an active supporter of various
social and political causes, such as Oxfam's Make Trade Fair campaign
and Amnesty International. The group have also performed at various
charity projects such as Band Aid 20, Live 8, Sound Relief, and the
Teenage Cancer Trust.


Formation and first years (1996–1999)

The members of the band met at the University College London (UCL) in
September 1996. Chris Martin and Jonny Buckland were the first members
of the band, having met one another during their orientation week. They
spent the rest of the college year planning a band, with their efforts
culminating in a group called Pectoralz. Later, Guy Berryman, a
classmate of the two, joined. By 1997, the group, who had renamed
themselves to Starfish, performed gigs for local Camden promoters at
small clubs. Martin also had recruited his longtime school friend Phil
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