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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваDevelopment of virtual education (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Development of virtual education




Provision for education will be the biggest challenge for most

governments as they attempt to attain the ideals of peace, freedom, and

social justice, while striving at the same time to position themselves

to generate more wealth and compete in the free global market. Bold

steps have to be considered by states to provide their people with

affordable access to education; using methods of mass education will be

inevitable. Even by using these methods, not all aspirations will be

met. Intervention by outside agencies is one solution, but it will come

at a higher cost than most individuals in the developing parts of the

world can afford. One solution available for Governments of the

Commonwealth is to use the newer technologies as vehicles to bring a

variety of educational opportunities to individuals in their respective

countries. The knowledge, skills and a significant part of the

infrastructure to create a virtual campus seems to be there in many

jurisdictions but little is known of the what, why, and how of such

operations. (From A Proposal to Study Trends in the Virtual Delivery of

Education, presented to the U.K. Department of International

Development) With that rationale, the Commonwealth of Learning proposed

to the United Kingdom Department for International Development that a

comprehensive study be made of the global state of practice globally of

virtual education in schools and on campuses in order to achieve the



· Get a snapshot picture of what is being done by whom and where. 


· Study the potential impact of such initiatives on a range of current



· Provide Commonwealth Governments with information relating to

technology and telecommunication infrastructure as well as financial and

human resource needs for setting up virtual learning facilities. 


· Enable existing distance education providers of the Commonwealth to

rengineer themselves to benefit from this emerging option. 


· Review protocols and other administrative arrangements for awarding

credits and credentials under special circumstances through Commonwealth

co-operation in virtuality. The Department for International Development

agreed to fund the study and work began in September 1998. 


Process and Methodology The study is intended to provide a global

snapshot of the state and practice of virtual education. It is not meant

to be an exhaustive analysis of all virtual education initiatives. It

should be seen as illustrative, based on the knowledge and perceptions

of the individual members of the study team. We also see this as a work

in progress because the interest and activity in the concept we have

called virtual education is extremely dynamic. The Commonwealth of

Learning identified 10 global regions and commissioned an individual in

each region to write a paper describing, from his or her perspective,

the state of practice of virtual education in that region. Study team

members were selected on the basis of their known interest, expertise,

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