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НазваHappy Easter (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Happy Easter




Easter (Greek: ?????, Pascha) is the most important annual religious

feast in the Christian liturgical year. According to Christian

scripture, Jesus was resurrected from the dead on the third day after

his crucifixion. Christians celebrate this resurrection on Easter Day or

Easter Sunday (also Resurrection Day or Resurrection Sunday), two days

after Good Friday and three days after Maundy Thursday. The chronology

of his death and resurrection is variously interpreted to be between

A.D. 26 and 36. Easter also refers to the season of the church year

called Eastertide or the Easter Season. Traditionally the Easter Season

lasted for the forty days from Easter Day until Ascension Day but now

officially lasts for the fifty days until Pentecost. The first week of

the Easter Season is known as Easter Week or the Octave of Easter.

Easter also marks the end of Lent, a season of fasting, prayer, and




Easter is a moveable feast, meaning it is not fixed in relation to the

civil calendar. The First Council of Nicaea (325) established that the

date of Easter would be the first Sunday after the full moon (the

Paschal Full Moon) following the vernal equinox. Ecclesiastically, the

equinox is reckoned to be on 21 March. The date of Easter therefore

varies between 22 March and 25 April. Eastern Christianity bases its

calculations on the Julian Calendar whose 21 March corresponds, during

the twenty-first century, to 3 April in the Gregorian Calendar, in which

calendar their celebration of Easter therefore varies between 4 April

and 8 May.


Easter is linked to the Jewish Passover not only for much of its

symbolism but also for its position in the calendar.


Cultural elements, such as the Easter Bunny and Easter egg hunts, have

become part of the holiday's modern celebrations, and those aspects are

often celebrated by many Christians and non-Christians alike. There are

also some Christian denominations who do not celebrate Easter.




Easter, annual festival commemorating the resurrection of Jesus Christ,

and the principal feast of the Christian year. It is celebrated on a

Sunday on varying dates between March 22 and April 25 and is therefore

called a movable feast. The dates of several other ecclesiastical

festivals, extending over a period between Septuagesima Sunday (the

ninth Sunday before Easter) and the first Sunday of Advent, are fixed in

relation to the date of Easter.


Connected with the observance of Easter are the 40-day penitential

season of Lent, beginning on Ash Wednesday and concluding at midnight on

Holy Saturday, the day before Easter Sunday; Holy Week, commencing on

Palm Sunday, including Good Friday, the day of the crucifixion, and

terminating with Holy Saturday; and the Octave of Easter, extending from

Easter Sunday through the following Sunday. During the Octave of Easter

in early Christian times, the newly baptized wore white garments, white

being the liturgical color of Easter and signifying light, purity, and

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