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НазваI love my Mammy Mother\'s Day
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
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I love my Mammy


Mother's Day


The modern Mother's Day holiday was created by Anna Jarvis as a day for

each family to honor its mother, and it's now celebrated on various days

in many places around the world. It complements Father's Day, the

celebration honoring fathers.


This holiday is relatively modern, being created at the start of the

20th century, and should not be confused with the early pagan and

Christian traditions honoring mothers, or with the 16th century

celebration of Mothering Sunday, which is also known as Mother's Day in

the UK.


In most countries the Mother's Day celebration is a recent holiday

derived from the original US celebration. Exceptions are, for example,

the Mothering Sunday holiday in the UK.


Historical antecedents


Different countries celebrate Mother's Day on various days of the year

because the day has a number of different origins.


One school of thought claims this day emerged from a custom of mother

worship in ancient Greece, which kept a festival to Cybele, a great

mother of Greek gods. This festival was held around the Vernal Equinox

around Asia Minor and eventually in Rome itself from the Ides of March

(15 March) to 18 March.


The ancient Romans also had another holiday, Matronalia, that was

dedicated to Juno, though mothers were usually given gifts on this day.


In addition to Mother's Day, International Women's Day is celebrated in

many countries on March 8.




In 1912, Anna Jarvis trademarked the phrases "second Sunday in May" and

"Mother's Day", and created the Mother's Day International Association.


"She was specific about the location of the apostrophe; it was to be a

singular possessive, for each family to honour their mother, not a

plural possessive commemorating all mothers in the world."


This is also the spelling used by U.S. President Woodrow Wilson in the

law making official the holiday in the U.S., by the U.S. Congress on

bills, and by other U.S. presidents on their declarations.


Common usage in English language also dictates that the ostensibly

singular possessive "Mother's Day" is the preferred spelling.


Great Britain and Ireland


Mothering Sunday


Mothering Sunday is a Christian festival celebrated throughout Europe.

Secularly it is used as a celebration of motherhood, and is synonymous

with Mother's Day as celebrated in other countries; the latter name is

also increasingly used.


A religious festival celebrating motherhood has been existent in Europe

since approximately 250 BC when the Romans honoured the mother goddess

Cybele during mid-March. As the Roman Empire and Europe converted to

Christianity, Mothering Sunday celebrations became part of the

liturgical calendar as Laetare Sunday, the fourth Sunday in Lent to

honour the Virgin Mary and the "mother church".


During the sixteenth century, people returned to their mother church for

a service to be held on Laetare Sunday. This was either a large local

church, or more often the nearest Cathedral. Anyone who did this was

commonly said to have gone "a-mothering", although whether this preceded

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